Download the map of HPV vaccine access and coverage in Canada.
HPV vaccine (type and dosage) administered
GARDASIL®9 is administered according to the NACI recommended immunization schedule for HPV vaccines.2
Accessing publicly funded HPV vaccination in school
Children receive the HPV vaccine in school in grade 6.3
Accessing publicly funded HPV vaccination outside of school
Individuals 9 to 26 years of age3 who did not receive the HPV vaccine in school can receive it for free at their local health centre or pharmacy.5 The following groups of individuals can also receive a free HPV vaccine3:
- Individuals 9 to 45 years of age who are HIV positive
- Males 9 to 26 years of age (at the time of the 1st dose) who are at an increased risk of HPV, including men who have sex with men and those who are street-involved
- Transgender individuals 9 to 26 years of age (at the time of the 1st dose)
Primary care providers, physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and pharmacists6 can administer the vaccine. Prescriptions are technically not required for the HPV vaccine7 unless the individual is purchasing it themselves*. Yukoners who live in a community without a rural dispensary or pharmacy will need to go to Whitehorse to receive their vaccines. These visits will be covered by the Yukon Medical Travel program. A pharmacist or a physician will need to confirm the visit by submitting a Medical Travel subsidy form.2
Accessing HPV vaccination outside of publicly funded programs
Individuals who did not receive the vaccine in school and are not eligible for the publicly funded vaccine can speak with their health care provider about getting it. If recommended, the vaccine series can be purchased privately for $510 to $630 (total cost for three doses)** from a public health centre. Some individuals may receive partial or full coverage for the HPV vaccine through their private health insurance plan, although access varies by jurisdiction, insurance provider and individual plans*.
*Prescriptions for the HPV vaccine are often required for private health insurance coverage. Primary care providers, physicians and nurse practitioners can prescribe the HPV vaccine.
**Based on the list price for GARDASIL®9. Prices range due to varied pharmacy costs and injection fees.
- Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Population Profile, 2016 Census. Available from: https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/abpopprof/index.cfm?Lang=E
- Goyette A, Yen GP, Racovitan V, Bhangu P, Kothari S, Franco EL. Evolution of Public Health Human Papillomavirus Immunization Programs in Canada. Curr Oncol 2021; 28(1): 991-1007.
- Government of Yukon. Yukon Immunization Program Manual: Section 8 – Biological Products Government of Yukon. 2021. Available from: https://yukon.ca/sites/yukon.ca/files/hss/hss-imgs/section_8_-_biological_products_september_2020_fnl.pdf
- Diamond LM, Clarfield LE, Forte M. Vaccinations against human papillomavirus missed because of COVID-19 may lead to a rise in preventable cervical cancer. CMAJ 2021; 193(37).
- Government of Yukon. Shingles and HPV vaccines are now available in pharmacies. 2021. Available from: https://yukon.ca/en/news/shingles-and-hpv-vaccines-are-now-available-pharmacies
- Canadian Pharmacists Association. Injection Authority and Vaccine Administration in Pharmacies Across Canada. 2022. Available from: https://www.pharmacists.ca/cpha-ca/function/utilities/pdf-server.cfm?thefile=/cpha-on-the-issues/Immunization_Authority_Chart.pdf
- National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities. Outline of the Schedules. Available from: https://www.napra.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Schedules-Outline.pdf