Prevention Policies Directory

Access current Canadian policies. Learn from other jurisdictions. Inform change.

We've listed 90 policies under your selection of "Risk factor". The most recently adopted policies are first.

Reportable and Notifiable Disease Regulation, BC Reg 7/2015

Location: British Columbia
Risk factor: Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2015
This regulation outlines diseases that must be reported for the purposes of safeguarding animal and public health in relation to environmental toxins, infestations, syndromes or transmissible diseases that are or may be transmissible from animals to humans.

Immunization Regulations, PEI Reg EC529/14

Location: Prince Edward Island
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 2014
This regulation requires that the medical practitioner, nurse practitioner or nurse, or a pharmacist administering a vaccine, other than the influenza vaccine, must complete a vaccination report for the Chief Public Health Officer and keep vaccination records, in respect of each vaccination.

Pharmaceutical Regulation, Man Reg 185/2013

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Tobacco cessation, Tobacco, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2016
Year of adoption: 2013

An Act Respecting the Sharing of Certain Health Information, CQLR c P-9.0001

Location: Québec
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 2012
This Act establishes information assets allowing, among other things, the sharing of health information considered essential to primary care services and the continuum of care. Amendments are made to the Public Health Act in order to revise the operation of the vaccination registry and set rules governing the release of the information it contains.

Early Childhood Services Act, SNB 2010, c E-0.5

Location: New Brunswick
Risk factor: Infectious agents, Nutrition, Occupational and environmental exposures, Physical activity, UV and ionizing radiation
Policy intervention: Protective clothing, Shade, Solar UVR, Sunscreen, Drinking water, Food literacy education, Nutritional standards, Sodium, Sugar, Food composition, Food provision, Nutrition, Ultraviolet Radiation
Year last amended: 2019
Year of adoption: 2010

Immunization Regulation, Man Reg 36/2009

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2009
This regulation requires that immediately after administering an immunizing agent, the health professional administering it must record the following information on the patient's health record: (a) the date of administration; (b) the name of the health professional who administered the immunizing agent; (c) the name of the immunizing agent, its lot number, dosage, route of administration and the location on the body where the agent was administered.

Cervical Cancer Screening Registry Regulation, Man Reg 31/2009

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 2009
This regulation requires that for every cervical cancer test carried out by a laboratory, the operator of the laboratory must file a report with the medical director within 30 days of the result of the test being known. The medical director will maintain a registry for the purposes of informing the patient of when further testing or treatment is needed, to disclose the patient's screening history to the laboratory that conducted to test or to the patient's medical health professional, and to monitor rates and patterns of cervical cancer to assist with prevention efforts.

Human Pathogens and Toxins Act, SC 2009, c 24

Location: Canada-wide
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 2009

Midwifery Profession Practice Regulations, Nu Reg 028-2009

Location: Nunavut
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2010
Year of adoption: 2009
This regulation permits a registered midwife to order, collect samples for, or interpret pap smears and hepatitis antibodies and administer vaccinations for women of reproductive age and infants.

Borough of Anjou (Montréal) Bylaw RCA 59 – On cleanliness

Location: Montréal, Québec
Risk factor: Built environment, Infectious agents, Physical activity
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Accessibility, Park, Road safety, Snow clearing, Active transportation, Infectious Agents
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2009

This regulation specifies that it is forbidden to leave out unsanitary materials such as syringes, needles, and dressings.

The Public Health Act, CCSM c P210

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures, UV and ionizing radiation
Policy intervention: Artificial UVR, Eye protection, Indoor tanning, Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents, Ultraviolet Radiation
Year last amended: 2016
Year of adoption: 2009

Montréal Bylaw RCA08-17155 – Cleanliness (Administrative Consolidation)

Location: Montréal, Québec
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 2008

This regulation specifies that it is forbidden to leave out unsanitary materials such as syringes, needles, and dressings.

Public Health Act, SBC 2008, c 28

Location: British Columbia
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2019
Year of adoption: 2008

This Act deals largely with the prevention of infectious diseases, which may or may not be carcinogenic, including vaccination.

Midwifery Regulations, RRS c M-14.1 Reg 1

Location: Saskatchewan
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2009
Year of adoption: 2008

Public Health Act, SNWT 2007, c 17

Location: Northwest Territories
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2019
Year of adoption: 2007

This Act provides a comprehensive framework for the protection and promotion of public health in the Northwest Territories. It outlines specific requirements of health care professionals when diagnosing, testing, or immunizing for a notifiable disease (includes cancers and benign tumors) and allows the Chief Public Health Officer to establish a voluntary immunization program for all or a part of the Northwest Territories. It grants the Commissioner the power to make regulations including (but not limited to) those respecting food safety, water supply, immunization for the prevention or treatment of diseases as notifiable immunizations.

Capital Regional District Bylaw 3304 – Tattoo Regulation

Location: Victoria, British Columbia
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2006
This bylaw requires that anyone operating a tattoo premises must adhere to the procedures in Schedule A. Procedures include the use of disposable equipment, appropriate sterilization of equipment, and other practices of disinfection.

Winnipeg Bylaw No. 40/2005 – Body Modification Bylaw

Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Smoke-free place, Tobacco smoke, Tobacco, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2015
Year of adoption: 2006

REPEALED Screening and Diagnostic Tests Regulations, NWT Reg 004-2005

Location: Northwest Territories
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2005
This regulation allows a registered midwife to collect samples, receive the reports or results of, and interpret the results of the screening and diagnostic tests for hepatitis and other communicable diseases.

Health Protection Act, SNS 2004, c 4

Location: Nova Scotia
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Nutrition
Policy intervention: Drinking water, Food provision, Nutrition
Year last amended: 2015
Year of adoption: 2004

Care Consent Act, SY 2003, c 21, Sch B

Location: Yukon
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 2003

Public Health and Safety Act, RSY 2002, c 176

Location: Yukon
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 2002

Brandon Bylaw 6685 – to regulate body art procedures involving minor aged children

Location: Brandon, Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 2002
This bylaw requires the operator or person in charge of a body art establishment to follow the infection control procedures found in Health Canada's “Infection Prevention and Control Practices for Personal Services: Tattooing, Ear/Body Piercing and Electrolysis.”

Edmonton Bylaw 12800 – Zoning Bylaw

Location: Edmonton, Alberta
Risk factor: Alcohol consumption, Built environment, Infectious agents, Nutrition
Policy intervention: Outlet density, Community gardens, Zoning, Food retail, Nutrition, Alcohol
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 2001

Personal Directives Act, RSA 2000, c P-6

Location: Alberta
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 2000

Midwifery Regulation, Man Reg 68/2000

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 2000

Safe Streets Act, 1999, SO 1999, c 8

Location: Ontario
Risk factor: Built environment, Infectious agents, Physical activity
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Public transit, Road safety, Active transportation, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2005
Year of adoption: 1999

Calgary Bylaw 32M98 – Business Licence Bylaw

Location: Calgary, Alberta
Risk factor: Alcohol consumption, Infectious agents, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Licensing, Tobacco sales, Tobacco
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1998

Public Health Act, SNB 1998, c P-22.4

Location: New Brunswick
Risk factor: Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1998

Infants Act, RSBC 1996, c 223

Location: British Columbia
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1996

Health Act, RSBC 1996, c 179

Location: British Columbia
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2010
Year of adoption: 1996

Health Care Consent Act, 1996, SO 1996, c 2, Sch A

Location: Ontario
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1996

Whitehorse Bylaw 95-56 – Personal Services Bylaw

Location: Whitehorse, Yukon
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 1995
This bylaw regulates the provision of personal services (e.g., acupuncture, massage, tanning, and tattooing). It prohibits children under the age of 12 from using a tanning facility without consent from their parent/guardian. There are a variety of other requirements for tanning salons. Tattooing regulations included in the bylaw are aimed at preventing contamination.

Advance Health Care Directives Act, SNL 1995, c A-4.1

Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 1995

Health and Community Services Act, SNL 1995, c P-37.1

Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures, UV and ionizing radiation
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1995
This Act allows the minister to make regulations, including those respecting safety standards around radioactive materials, recreational safety, the use, storage and transportation of noxious materials like pesticides, water pollution, and vaccinations.

Public Health Act, 1994, SS 1994, c P-37.1

Location: Saskatchewan
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 1994

The Health Care Directives Act, CCSM c H27

Location: Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 1993

Winnipeg Bylaw 6001/92 – Biomedical Waste Sharps Bylaw

Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2015
Year of adoption: 1992

This bylaw relates to the handling and disposal of biomedical waste sharps. It requires that biomedical waste sharps to be stored in suitable containers and not to be mixed with other garbage.

An Act Respecting Health Services and Social Services, CQLR c S-4.2

Location: Québec
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1991

This Act establishes the health services and social services plan which aims to maintain and improve the physical, mental and social capacity of persons to act in their community and to carry out the roles they intend to assume in a manner which is acceptable to themselves and to the groups to which they belong. The protection of public health is noted as the main focus of the plan.

REPEALED Barber Shops and Beauty Salons Regulations, RRNWT 1990, c P-11

Location: Northwest Territories
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 1990
This regulation, concerning the operation of barbershops and beauty salons, requires razors, tweezers and scissors to be subjected to bactericidal treatment after use on a customer.

Communicable Diseases Act, RSNL 1990, c C-26

Location: Newfoundland and Labrador
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2015
Year of adoption: 1990

Immunization of School Pupils Act, RSO 1990, c I.1

Location: Ontario
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: 1990
The purpose of this Act is to increase the protection of the health of children against the diseases that are designated diseases under this Act. It allows the Lieutenant Governor to make regulations regarding immunizations which include, but are not limited to: prescribing programs of immunization in respect of designated diseases, including specifying immunizing agents and the number and timing of dosages of immunizing agents; and requiring and governing reports by persons who operate schools to medical officers of health in respect of records and documentation related to the immunization of children applying for admission to the schools and pupils and former pupils in the schools. Designated diseases are defined as Meningococcal disease, Pertussis and Varicella.

General, RRO 1990, Reg 645

Location: Ontario
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2018
Year of adoption: 1990
This regulation outlines requirements for the record of immunization for school pupils in the province of Ontario. Table 1 in this regulations contains the program of immunization for school pupils in Ontario.

Health Protection and Promotion Act, RSO 1990, c H.7

Location: Ontario
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Nutrition, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Drinking water, Food literacy education, Food provision, Prevention, Tobacco cessation, Tobacco, Nutrition
Year last amended: 2019
Year of adoption: 1990

Barber Shops and Beauty Salons Regulations, RRNWT (Nu) 1990 c P-11

Location: Nunavut
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2006
Year of adoption: 1990
This regulation, concerning the operation of barbershops and beauty parlours, requires razors, tweezers and scissors to be subjected to bactericidal treatment after use on a customer.

REPEALED Winnipeg Bylaw 4653/87 – Tattoo Studio Bylaw

Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 1989

This bylaw concerns the conditions of tattoo studios and the sterilization of equipment used within.

REPEALED General Regulation, NB Reg 88-200 under the Health Act

Location: New Brunswick
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Occupational and environmental exposures, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Smoke-free place, Smokeless tobacco, Tobacco products, Tobacco smoke, Tobacco, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2009
Year of adoption: 1988

Medical Consent of Minors Act, SNB 1976, c M-6.1

Location: New Brunswick
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Minor consent, Infectious Agents
Year last amended: 2016
Year of adoption: 1976

REPEALED Health Act, RSNB 1973, c H-2

Location: New Brunswick
Risk factor: General, Infectious agents, Nutrition
Policy intervention: Drinking water, Food provision, Nutrition
Year last amended:
Year of adoption: 1973

Communicable Diseases Regulations, YCO 1961/48

Location: Yukon
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention:
Year last amended: 2014
Year of adoption: 1961
This regulation discusses the parameters, guidelines and specific measures for medical attention, care and prevention of communicable diseases in the Yukon.

Vancouver Bylaw 4450 – License Bylaw

Location: Vancouver, British Columbia
Risk factor: Alcohol consumption, Built environment, Infectious agents, Nutrition, Occupational and environmental exposures, Physical activity, Tobacco use, UV and ionizing radiation
Policy intervention: Hours of sale, Outlet density, Advertising, Pricing, Farmers' markets, Food retail, E-cigarette, Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), Tobacco products, Bike share, Active transportation, Tobacco, Nutrition, Alcohol
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption:

Safe Body Art Act, SNS 2011, c 44

Location: Nova Scotia
Risk factor: Infectious agents
Policy intervention: Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Infectious Agents
Year last amended:
Year of adoption:

Edmonton Bylaw 13138 – Business Licence Bylaw

Location: Edmonton, Alberta
Risk factor: Alcohol consumption, Infectious agents, Nutrition, Tobacco use
Policy intervention: Outlet density, Farmers' markets, Food retail, Licensing, Tobacco sales, Tobacco, Nutrition, Alcohol
Year last amended: 2017
Year of adoption: