Supplementary data: New Brunswick

This page provides data visualizations related to the priorities for Canada’s cancer system, as well as accessible descriptions.

Download data tables for all indicators.


Priority 1 Action 1: Help people to stop smoking or not start in the first place and live healthier lives

Topic: Keeping people smoke-free
Title of image: Percentage of individuals in NB (aged ≥ 12) classified as daily or occasional smokers in 2020
Caveats/limitations:

  • This indicator was reported using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). Overall smoking rates are reported using 2020 data.
  • Individuals who did not respond to the required CCHS questions regarding smoking status were not included in the analysis.

NB 13%, Canada 12.9%
Data source: Canadian Community Health Survey


Topic: Keeping people smoke-free
Title of image: Percentage of individuals in NB (aged ≥ 18) classified as daily or occasional smokers in 2019, by household income quintile and sex
Female lower quintile 21.2% and upper quintile 24.5% and male lower quintile11.3% and upper quintile 21.4%
Title of table: Percentage of individuals in NB (aged ≥ 18) classified as daily or occasional smokers in 2019, by household income quintile and sex

Sex Quintile 1  Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Quintile 4 Quintile 5 
Female 21.2% 18.3% 12.6% 14.3% 11.3%
Male 24.5% 26.4% 9.6% 14.3% 21.4%

Data source: Canadian Community Health Survey



Topic: Maintaining healthy body weight
Title of image: Percentage of individuals in NB (aged ≥ 18) classified as overweight or obese in 2019
Caveats/limitations:

  • This indicator was reported using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and is based on self-reported data. Overall obesity and overweight percentages are reported using 2019 data. Percentages by income quintile and/or sex are reported using 2017-2018 data.
  • Individuals who did not respond to the required CCHS questions to derive the BMI classifications were not included in the analysis.

NB 74.5%, Canada 65.9%

Data source: Canadian Community Health Survey


Priority 1 Action 2: Adopt proven practices known to reduce the risk of cancer

Topic: Increasing HPV vaccination
Title of image: Percentage of Grade 7 students with complete HPV series in 2019-2020 school year, by sex
Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs
Male 67.1%, Female 69.4%
Data source: Canadian Community Health Survey


Priority 2 Action 1: Prioritize rapid access to appropriate diagnosis for those suspected of having cancer

Topic: Reducing wait for diagnosis
Title of image: Percentage of colonoscopies that were completed within target (60 days after an abnormal FIT) in 2019-2020
NB P2 A1 Reducing wait FIT
Title of table: Percentage of colonoscopies that were completed within target (60 days after an abnormal FIT) in 2019-2020

Overall Male Female Age 50-54 Age 55-59 Age 60-64 Age 65-69 Age 70-74
72.9% 71.7% 74.5% 75.5% 75.9% 71.8% 70.9% 72.5%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs



Topic: Reducing wait for diagnosis
Title of image: Percentage of women who had final resolution (within 7 weeks when biopsy was required and within 5 weeks when biopsy was not required) after an abnormal breast screening in 2018-2019
Notes:

  • From January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 the percentage of women (age 50 to 74) whose diagnosis was resolved within the target timeframe of five weeks when a biopsy was not required ranged from 73% to 77%.
  • From January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 the percentage of women (age 50 to 74) whose diagnosis was resolved within the target timeframe of seven weeks when a biopsy was required ranged from 40% to 52%.
  • The percentage of women receiving a diagnosis (cancer or not) within seven weeks increased from 73% in 2018 to 76% in 2019, while the percentage of women receiving a diagnosis within five weeks dropped from 72% in 2018 to 67% in 2019.
    Overall with biopsy 69% and overall without biopsy is 74%. Table to follow.

Title of table: Percentage of women who had final resolution (within 7 weeks when biopsy was required and within 5 weeks when biopsy was not required) after an abnormal breast screening in 2018-2019

Category Overall Screen year 2018 Screen year 2019 Age 50-54 Age  55-59 Age 60-64 Age 65-69 Age 70-74
With biopsy 69% 72% 67% 45% 40% 43% 48% 52%
Without biopsy 74% 73% 76% 74% 74% 73% 75% 77%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs



Topic: Reducing wait for diagnosis
Title of image: Percentage of individuals who had a positive follow-up colonoscopy procedure and diagnosed with colon cancer in 2019-2020

  • Of the total number of program colonoscopies completed between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2020, 73% were completed within the wait time target of 60 days of positive FIT result.
  • From January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020, 4.1% percentage of individuals with positive follow-up colonoscopy procedure were diagnosed with colon cancer.
  • From January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2020, the percentage of individuals who had a positive follow-up colonoscopy procedure and diagnosed with colon cancer ranged from 1.7% (age group 50 – 54) to 5.9% (age group 60-64).

Overall 4.1%. Table to follow.
Title of table: Percentage of individuals who had a positive follow-up colonoscopy procedure and diagnosed with colon cancer in 2019-2020

Overall Male Female Age 50-54 Age 55-59 Age 60-64 Age 65-69 Age 70-74
4.1% 4.3% 3.7% 1.7% 1.8% 5.9% 4.2% 4.9%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs



Topic: Diagnosing cancer earlier
Title of image: Proportion of stage at diagnosis for lung and colorectal cancer in 2019
bar graph

Title of table: Proportion of stage at diagnosis in 2019

Site Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage  3 Stage 4 Unknown Other (excluding unknown)
Lung 28.7% 7.4% 17.5% 41.5% 2.2% 2.7%
Colorectal 15.8% 21% 16.8% 9.7% 36.3% 0.5%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Priority 2 Action 2: Strengthen existing screening efforts and implement lung cancer screening programs across the country

Topic: Increasing participation in colorectal cancer screening
Title of image: Percentage of individuals in NB who successfully completed one FIT in the program within a 30-month period (24-month screening cycle plus 6 months grace period: Jan 1, 2018 – Jun 30, 2020)
bar graph
Title of table: Percentage of individuals in NB who successfully completed one FIT in the program within a 30-month period (24-month screening cycle plus 6 months grace period: Jan 1, 2018 – Jun 30, 2020)

Overall (age 50-74) Age 50-54 Age 55-59 Age 60-64 Age 65-69 Age 70-74
18% 16.7% 13% 20.5% 17.3% 24.2%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Priority 3 Action 1: Set best practices and standards for care delivery and promote their adoption

Topic: Implementing multidisciplinary care
Title of image: Percentage of patients diagnosed with stage II or III rectal cancer who received pre-operative radiation therapy

Overall 22.9%
Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Priority 3 Action 2: Eliminate low-benefit practices and adopt high-value practices

Topic: Optimizing screening and appropriate follow-up
Title of image: Percentage of breast cancer screening program screens by age groups, Jan 1, 2018 – Jun 30, 2020
Note: Around 60.0% of program’s screens were recorded among women aged 50-74 during the period January 1, 2018 and June 30, 2020 in NB
Age 40 to 49 at 17.7%. Age 50 to 74 at 60%. Age 75 and over at 7.4%.
Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs



Topic: Optimizing screening and appropriate follow-up
Title of image: Percentage of  cervical cancer screening program pap tests by age groups, Jan 1, 2019 – Jun 30, 2020
Note: Around 32.8% of cervical cancer program pap tests were recorded among people aged 21-69 during the period Jan 1, 2018 and Jun 30, 2020 in NB.
Age 18 to 20 at 5.9%. Age 21 to 69 at 32.8%. Age 70 and over at 3.5%.
Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Priority 3 Action 3: Design and implement new models of care

Topic: Expanding models of care
Title of image: Percentage of patients admitted twice or more in the last 30 days of their life to acute care hospitals with cancer diagnosis for palliative care or for whom palliative care was initiated any time during the admission
Overall 22.9%, Health region 1 is 19.3%, Health region 2 is 18.4%, Health region 3 is 23.6%, Health region 4 is 22.2%, Health region 5 is 21%, Health region 6 is 30.5%, Health region 7 is 35.5%

Overall Health region 1 Health region 2 Health region 3 Health region 4 Health region 5 Health region 6 Health region 7
22.9% 19.3% 18.4% 23.6% 22.2% 21.0% 30.5% 35.5%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Topic: Expanding models of care
Title of image: Percentage of patients who died of cancer in 2019, by location of death and health region
Caveats/limitations: New Brunswick has one of the highest rates of in-hospital deaths in Canada
Notes:

  • Research indicates that cancer patients prefer to die at home or homelike settings. In 2019, 69.7% of cancer patients died in hospital and 12.5% died at home.
  • 22.9% of patients are admitted to acute care hospital twice or more in the last month of their life.
  • Research indicates that many of the admissions to acute care hospitals could be prevented by developing community-based palliative care services. However, patients with complex medical needs may require admission to acute care hospital to receive an appropriate care.

Title of table: Percentage of patients who died of cancer in 2019, by location of death

Hospital Nursing home Private home Other HC facility Other
69.7% 45% 12.5% 12.1% 1.3%

Title of table: Percentage of patients who died of cancer in 2019, by health region

Health region 1 Health region 2 Health region 3 Health region 4 Health region 5 Health region 6 Health region 7
24.4% 23.1% 20.8% 8.2% 4.8% 12.0% 6.7%

Data source: Provincial cancer agencies and programs


Priority 5 Action 2: Address the limited and unequal access to palliative and end-of-life care across Canada

Topic: Improving access to quality end-of-life care
Title of image: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (overall) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019
Median in 2019 is 14 days
Title of table: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (overall) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019

Year 25th percentile Median 75th percentile 90th percentile
2019 6 14 28 49
2017 6 14 29 52
2015 6 14 31 48

Data source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)


Topic: Improving access to quality end-of-life care
Title of image: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (rural/remote) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019
Median in 2019 is 13 days
Title of table: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (rural/remote) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019

Year 25th percentile Median 75th percentile 90th percentile
2019 5 13 28 49
2017 6 12 29 46
2015 6 12 27 45

Data source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)


Topic: Improving access to quality end-of-life care
Title of image: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (urban) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019
Median in 2019 is 15 days
Title of table: Cumulative length of stay for cancer patients (urban) who were in or admitted to an acute care hospital 30 days prior to death across NB for fiscal years 2015, 2017, and 2019

Year 25th percentile Median 75th percentile 90th percentile
2019 6 15 28 50
2017 6 14 29 58
2015 6 15 32 50

Data source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), Discharge Abstract Database (DAD)