Cancer Guidelines Database

Access quality cancer guidelines from a single Canadian source

We've listed 178 guidelines under your selection of "Type of cancer". The most recent guidelines are first.

Occult Primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary [CUP]), Version 2.2020

Year: 2020
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with epithelial occult primary cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for the evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of two pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma, or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Management options considered include, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, locoregional therapeutic options, and specialized approaches, as well as supportive care and management of psychosocial distress.

Management of Cardiac Disease in Cancer Patients Throughout Oncological Treatment: ESMO Consensus Recommendations

Year: 2020
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients undergoing potentially cardiotoxic oncological treatment, including chemotherapy, targeted therapy and radiotherapy. The guideline examines various prevention, detection, treatment and monitoring strategies available for reducing cardiovascular toxicity in these patients. Outcomes of interest include cardiovascular morbidity, and mortality.

Cancer-Related Fatigue, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children experiencing cancer-related fatigue (CRF). The guideline discusses screening for CRF, as well as evaluation approaches using focused history, assessment of treatable contributing factors, and patient clinical status. General strategies for managing CRF are discussed, and the guideline examines pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for patients based on their placement within the care continuum (i.e. active treatment, post-treatment, and end-of-life).

Management of Cancer Medication-Related Infusion Reactions

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for the management of infusion reactions (IR) caused by cancer medication. The guideline examines prophylaxis, acute management of IRs, as well as re-start and re-challenge protocols. Outcomes of interest include treatment toxicity, adverse events, and the incidence and severity of IRs.

Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: United States Preventive Services Task Force
This is a clinical practice guideline on BReast CAncer gene-related (BRCA-related) cancer in adult patients. The guideline examines risk assessment, genetic counseling and genetic testing in previously undiagnosed and asymptomatic patients as well as those who have a previous diagnosis of breast, ovarian, tubal or peritoneal cancer who have completed treatment and are considered cancer-free. Outcomes of interest include the incidence of BRCA-related cancer, as well as cause-specific and all-cause mortality.

Smoking Cessation, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Tailored to the unique needs and concerns of patients with all types of cancer, this clinical practice guideline provides standard-of-care recommendations, techniques, and strategies on smoking cessation. The guideline outlines different interventions, including pharmacotherapy options (e.g. nicotine replacement therapy, varenicline, bupropion, nortriptyline, clonidine), motivational strategies and behaviour techniques, and alternative treatment approaches such as electronic cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems.

Distress Management, Version 3.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the identification and treatment of psychosocial problems in patients with cancer. The guideline examines screening tools for distress and meeting psychosocial needs, the initial evaluation and treatment by oncology teams, psychological/psychiatric treatment by mental health professionals, social work and counseling services, and spiritual and chaplaincy care. The Distress Thermometer (DT) is discussed as a useful clinical tool for self-assessing patient distress. Both the DT and the guideline itself use the term "distress" due to its lack of associated stigmatization when compared to terms such as psychosocial, psychiatric, or emotional.

Proton Beam Radiation Therapy

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for the use of proton beam radiation therapy in the management of pediatric, adolescent, and adult patients with cancer. The guideline examines factors that should be taken into account when assessing whether to refer patients for proton bean radiotherapy, including which tumour sites should be considered for referral. At the time of publication, facilities capable of treating a broad range of tumour sites with proton beam radiation therapy are not currently available in Canada, therefore recommendations focus on which patients are appropriate candidates to receive out-of-country treatment.

Guideline for Antibacterial Prophylaxis Administration in Pediatric Cancer and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for children with cancer who are being treated with chemotherapy, and/or children who are receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The guideline provides recommendations on systemic antibacterial prophylaxis for the prevention of common invasive bacterial infections in these patients. Outcomes of interest include the risk of bacteremia, and infection-related mortality.

2019 International Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Treatment and Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Cancer

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients with cancer. The guideline discusses the prophylaxis of VTE in patients who have undergone surgery, prophylaxis of catheter-related thrombosis, treatment of established VTE, and maintenance treatment (both early and long-term). Risk-stratification schemes for the prophylaxis of VTE in patients with cancer, are also examined.

Guidelines on Vaccination in Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Patients

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a clinical practice guideline examining the routine vaccination of children with cancer, during and after completion of chemotherapy. The guideline specifically discusses the use of vaccines for hepatitis B, hepatitis A, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Hemophilus influenzae, measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, meningococcus, pneumococcus, varicella, human papilloma virus (HPV), and rotavirus.

Cancer in People Living With HIV, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients living with HIV (PLWH) who are diagnosed with cancer. The guideline focuses primarily on PLWH who develop non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, or cervical cancer. General advice is also provided regarding HIV management during cancer therapy, in addition to topics such as drug-drug interactions (DDI) between antiretroviral treatments and cancer therapies, initial workup, radiation therapy, surgical management, and supportive care.

Occult Primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary [CUP]), Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with epithelial occult primary cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for the evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of two pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma, or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Management options considered include, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, locoregional therapeutic options, and specialized approaches, as well as supportive care and management of psychosocial distress.

2019 Antiemetic Recommendations for Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult cancer patients who are receiving chemotherapy, who are at risk for or are experiencing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The guideline discusses prevention strategies for patients who are receiving different regimens of chemotherapy, including single day intravenous chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy for stem cell transplantation (SCT), and multiple day intravenous chemotherapy. Another topic of interest examined is the potential role of cannabinoids for the prevention of CINV.

Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The guideline provides a framework for the screening, assessment and management of CIPN. Assessment tools, rehabilitation strategies, pharmacologic management options, and referral to specialists are addressed.

Stem Cell Transplantation in Primary Systemic Amyloidosis

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with primary amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis who are being considered for treatment regimens that include either bone marrow or stem cell transplantation (SCT). The guideline compares chemotherapy (CT) and both autologous and allogeneic SCT. Side effects evaluated include cytomegalovirus or Pneumocystis carinii infections, as well as neutropenia and mucositis.

Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: MASCC/ISOO/ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer who are being treated with bone-modifying agents (BMAs). The guideline discusses the prevention and management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), and specific recommendations are provided for reducing the risk of MRONJ, as well as for the diagnosis and staging of MRONJ. The potential discontinuation of BMA use after a diagnosis of MRONJ, is also addressed.

Management of Immunotherapy-Related Toxicities, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer and immunotherapy-related toxicities. The guideline examines the management of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) resulting from cancer immunotherapy, including immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are discussed, and managing irAEs in specific patient populations, as well as specific irAE management, are considered.

Hematopoietic Growth Factors, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with solid tumors or lymphoid blood cancers, and is especially relevant to those receiving chemotherapy. The guideline examines the use of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) for the prevention and management of neutropenia and anemia in these patients. Specific topics addressed include red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietic therapy, as well as iron monitoring and supplementation.

Treatment of Multiple Myeloma: ASCO and CCO Joint Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with multiple myeloma. The guideline provides recommendations for the treatment of both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients. Outcomes of interest include overall survival, progression-free survival, response rate, and quality of life.

Older Adult Oncology, Version 1.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for older patients with cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for comprehensive geriatric assessments, as well as treatment modalities such as surgery, radiation therapy (RT), chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Disease-specific issues are also addressed for breast cancer, central nervous system cancers, gastrointestinal cancers, genitourinary cancers, gynecological cancers, head and neck cancers, lung cancers, melanoma, and hematologic malignancies.

Influenza Immunization for Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children with tumours or hematological cancers who are undergoing chemotherapy and/or other systemic therapies. The guideline provides recommendations for influenza vaccination in these patients. Outcomes of interest include post-vaccine frequency of immune-related adverse events, other infection-related adverse events, and mortality.

Central Nervous System Cancers, Version 3.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with central nervous system cancers. The guideline examines the diagnosis, staging, treatment, and follow-up of these patients. Surgical options, adjuvant therapy, and postoperative staging are specifically considered.

Lymphoma

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with lymphoma, including Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs). The guideline provides recommendations for staging and re-staging, treatment, as well as follow-up. Outcomes of interest include disease progression, treatment toxicity, quality of life, progression-free survival, and overall survival.

Management of Osteoporosis in Survivors of Adult Cancers With Nonmetastatic Disease: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients who are receiving treatment for non-metastatic cancer, as well as adult cancer survivors. Recommendations are provided for the management of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures in these patients. The guideline specifically discusses which patients are at an increased risk for developing osteoporotic fractures, how these patients should be screened for, which patients should be treated for their osteoporosis, and which interventions should be used (i.e. which interventions are effective at reducing the risk of fracture).

Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis and Treatment in Patients With Cancer: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), in adult patients with cancer. The guideline discusses whether anticoagulation is appropriate for the prophylaxis of VTE in hospitalized patients with cancer, ambulatory patients with cancer who are receiving systemic chemotherapy, and patients who are undergoing surgery (i.e. preoperatively). Risk prediction, awareness of VTE among patients, and the optimal methods for treating established VTE, are also discussed.

Palliative Care, Version 2.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the palliative care of patients with cancer. The guideline examines interventions such as symptom management, reassessment, and after-death care. The guideline provides an overview of the many considerations surrounding palliative care, such as cultural, ethical, legal, physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and existential issues.

Adult Cancer Pain, Version 3.2019

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with any type of cancer. The guideline focuses on the screening, assessment, and treatment of cancer-related pain. Specific topics discussed include universal pain screening, management of pain in both opioid-naïve and opioid-tolerant patients, management of opioid-induced adverse effects, procedure-related pain and anxiety, management strategies for specific cancer pain syndromes, adjuvant analgesics for neuropathic pain, psychosocial support, and education for both patients and caregivers.

Endorsement of the 2017 American Society of Clinical Oncology’s Guideline for Antiemetics

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This clinical practice guideline is an endorsement of the American Society of Clinical Oncology’s 2017 guideline titled Antiemetics: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update. The guideline discusses the use of antiemetics for the prevention and management of nausea and vomiting in adult patients undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Various treatment regimens are examined based on the frequency of emesis. Other topics of interest include the use of adjunctive drugs, cannabinoids, as well as other complementary and alternative therapies.

Febrile Neutropenia

Year: 2019
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: BC Cancer Agency
This guideline provides recommendations on the management of adult and pediatric patients who are experiencing febrile neutropenia as a result of cancer treatment. Please note that the sub-sections within this set were published and revised at varying dates, and that the publication year referenced here refers only to the date that the guideline set was accessed online.

Prevention and Treatment of Cancer-Related Infections, Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of cancer-related infections. The guideline examines external risk factors for infection, major host factors that predispose patients to infectious diseases, prevention of infectious complications (including the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis and pre-emptive therapy), management of neutropenic fever, and management of site-specific infections such as pneumonia, abdominal infections, and catheter-associated infections.

Survivorship, Version 2.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for survivors of adult-onset cancer in the post-treatment period. The guideline provides screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations, and should be used to supplement the follow-up recommendations of disease-specific guidelines.

Palliative Care, Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the palliative care of patients with cancer. The guideline examines interventions such as symptom management, reassessment, and after-death care. The guideline provides an overview of the many considerations surrounding palliative care, such as cultural, ethical, legal, physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and existential issues.

Outpatient Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Adults Treated for Malignancy: American Society of Clinical Oncology and Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer requiring treatment for fever and neutropenia. The guideline examines which patients can be treated as outpatients, as well as appropriate interventions for these patients. Initial diagnostic approach, eligibility of patients at low risk for medical complications, and psychosocial and logistic recommendations for eligibility are discussed. Types of antimicrobial agents and locations for initial dose(s) in these patients are also considered, as are recommended courses of action if patients do not defervesce after 2 to 3 days of treatment.

Fertility Preservation in Patients With Cancer: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with cancer who are at risk of infertility due to anticancer treatment. The guideline examines fertility preservation options for this patient population. Topics discussed include options for men and women, special considerations for children, as well as the role of the health care provider.

Management of Anaemia and Iron Deficiency in Patients With Cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with solid tumours or hematological malignancies, and those with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The guideline examines the management of anemia and iron deficiency in these patients using erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), iron preparations for intravenous or oral administration, red blood cell transfusions, or combinations of these treatments. When and for whom treatment should be considered, as well as appropriate dose, are discussed.

Myeloid Growth Factors, Version 1.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with solid tumours and non-myeloid malignancies who are receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy. The guideline examines the use of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) in these patients as a method for reducing the incidence of neutropenia. Topics of interest include the benefits and risks of MGFs, as well as their use in prophylactic, therapeutic, and post-transplant settings.

Cancer-Related Fatigue, Version 2.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children experiencing cancer-related fatigue (CRF). The guideline discusses screening for CRF, as well as evaluation approaches using focused history, assessment of treatable contributing factors, and patient clinical status. General strategies for managing CRF are discussed, and the guideline examines pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for patients based on their placement within the care continuum (i.e. active treatment, post-treatment, and end-of-life).

Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Oncology, Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adolescents and young adults with cancer. The guideline discusses risk factors, screening, diagnosis, management, follow-up, supportive care, and palliative care for patients between 15 and 39 years of age. Unique issues discussed include adherence to treatment, the impact of cancer and its treatment on fertility, management of cancer during pregnancy, relationship management, and socioeconomic issues.

Management of Immunotherapy-Related Toxicities, Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer and immunotherapy-related toxicities. The guideline examines the management of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) resulting from cancer immunotherapy, including immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are discussed, and managing irAEs in specific patient populations, as well as specific irAE management, are considered.

Cancer- and Chemotherapy-Induced Anemia, Version 3.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children with cancer-induced anemia (CIA). The guideline discusses the etiology of CIA, and examines the screening, evaluation, and treatment methods for reducing CIA in affected patients. Red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietic therapy, and iron monitoring and supplementation are discussed as treatment options.

Practical Assessment and Management of Vulnerabilities in Older Patients Receiving Chemotherapy: ASCO Guideline for Geriatric Oncology

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. The guideline examines whether geriatric assessment (GA) should be used in older adults with cancer to predict adverse outcomes from chemotherapy, which GA tools should be used, and which general life expectancy data should be considered in order to estimate mortality and best inform treatment decision-making.

Survivorship, Version 3.2017

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for survivors of adult-onset cancer in the post-treatment period. The guideline provides screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations, and should be used to supplement the follow-up recommendations of disease-specific guidelines.

Facilitating Collaborative and Effective Family Involvement in the Cancer Setting: Guidelines for Clinicians (TRIO Guidelines-1)

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization:
This is a guideline for facilitating collaborative and effective family involvement in the cancer setting. The guideline examines practical strategies to guide effective communication for the clinician-patient-family trio, and specifically addresses the positive and effective involvement of adult patients' family caregivers in consultations and patient care.

Management of Cancer-Associated Anemia With Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents: ASCO/ASH Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline on the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and biosimilars for the management of cancer-associated anemia in adult patients. Outcomes of interest include mortality, frequency of RBC transfusion, thromboembolic risk, quality of life, fatigue, progression-free survival and overall survival. In the case of biosimilars, hemoglobin (HgB) response and immunogenicity were additional outcomes of interest. Patient counselling and talking tips are also included to help clinicians implement the guideline's recommendations.

Guideline for the Management of Clostridium Difficile Infection In Children and Adolescents With Cancer and Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation Recipients

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in children and adolescents with cancer as well as in pediatric hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. The guideline provides initial treatment recommendations for non-severe, severe and recurrent CDI. The efficacy and appropriateness of probiotics, monoclonal antibodies and fecal microbiota transplantation are also considered.

Palliative Care in the Global Setting: ASCO Resource-Stratified Practice Guideline

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult and pediatric patients with cancer. The guideline examines the practicality of palliative care delivery models for these patients and their family caregivers in resource-constrained settings. Recommendations are provided for palliative care models at the district, regional, and national level, as well as in the primary health care setting. For each model, the timing for addressing palliate care needs as well as the workforce, knowledge, and skills required are discussed. Nurses' roles in pain management, as well as spiritual care, social work/counseling, and opioid availability are also considered.

Recommendations for Filgrastim Use in Adults by Disease Site

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Cancer Care Manitoba
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult oncology patients with neutropenia. The guideline examines the appropriate prescribing of filgrastim for these patients. Indications for which filgrastim should be used are discussed by disease site group. Disease site groups considered include breast, central nervous system, gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary, hematologic, and thoracic, amongst others.

Occult Primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary [CUP]), Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with epithelial occult primary cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for the evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of two pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma, or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Management options considered include, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, locoregional therapeutic options, and specialized approaches, as well as supportive care and management of psychosocial distress.

Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for Adult Patients With Cancer-Related Immunosuppression: ASCO and IDSA Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients who are experiencing immune suppression or increased susceptibility to infection as a result of cancer or and/or its treatment. The guideline discusses antimicrobial prophylaxis and the potential impacts on reducing the incidence of and mortality from febrile neutropenia (FN). Fluoroquinolone, oral triazole, antivirals, and neutropenic diets are all examples of management options that are discussed.

Influenza Immunization for Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult and pediatric patients with cancer. The guideline examines influenza immunization in these patients, including recommended vaccine, dosing, as well as the effect of age, duration, and systemic therapy on the patient's response to the vaccination. Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are further discussed, as is the immunization of individuals in contact with these patients.

Hypothalamic–Pituitary and Growth Disorders in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Endocrine Society
This is a clinical practice guideline for survivors of childhood cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for the endocrine treatment of hypothalamic-pituitary and growth disorders in these patients. Specific conditions discussed include impaired linear growth, growth hormone deficiency, central precocious puberty, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and thyroid-stimulating hormone deficiency.

Guidelines for the Management of Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Children With Cancer

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This clinical practice guideline discusses the prevention and management of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in pediatric cancer patients. Acute, delayed, anticipatory, breakthrough and refractory CINV are discussed. Recommendations are provided on assessment as well as pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. Antiemetic dosing recommendations are also provided.

Management of Cancer Pain in Adult Patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult cancer patients. The guideline examines the management cancer-related pain, and provides recommendations on treatment options such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and medical cannabis. The principles of pain management, and the treatment of mild, moderate, and severe pain are discussed, as is the invasive management of refractory pain.

BSH Guideline: Management of Thrombotic and Haemostatic Issues in Paediatric Malignancy

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: British Society for Haematology
This is a clinical practice guideline for children undergoing treatment for leukemia, or other forms of cancer. The guideline examines strategies for the prevention, assessment, and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Management of thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy, as well as therapy options for menstrual suppression, are also discussed.

Cancer in People Living With HIV, Version 1.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients living with HIV (PLWH) who are diagnosed with cancer. The guideline focuses primarily on PLWH who develop non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, or cervical cancer. General advice is also provided regarding HIV management during cancer therapy, in addition to topics such as drug-drug interactions (DDI) between antiretroviral treatments and cancer therapies, initial workup, radiation therapy, surgical management, and supportive care.

Adult Cancer Pain, Version 1.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with any type of cancer. The guideline focuses on the screening, assessment, and treatment of cancer-related pain. Specific topics discussed include universal pain screening, management of pain in both opioid-naïve and opioid-tolerant patients, management of opioid-induced adverse effects, procedure-related pain and anxiety, management strategies for specific cancer pain syndromes, adjuvant analgesics for neuropathic pain, psychosocial support, and education for both patients and caregivers.

Consensus Statement for Cancer Patients Requiring Intensive Care Support

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: German Society of Hematology and Oncology (DGHO)
This is a clinical practice guideline for the management of critically ill cancer patients. The guideline examines multiple aspects of patient care in intensive care units (ICUs), including ICU eligibility criteria, indications and screening for organ dysfunction, interprofessional collaboration, and treatment within ICUs. Infection prevention (including immunization), and the treatment of infections are both discussed, as is the selective use of Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF).

Cancer Pain

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with active cancer. The guideline examines screening, assessment, and management strategies for cancer-related pain of any severity in these patients. Pharmacological management options discussed include acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), adjuvant analgesics, opioid drugs, and management of cancer pain in patients with renal impairment. Non-pharmacological management options including radiotherapy, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, anesthetic interventions, surgical interventions, and complementary therapies are also discussed. The guideline also considers supportive care of these patients.

The Duration of Anthracycline Infusion Should be at Least One Hour in Children With Cancer: A Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Anthracycline Cardiotoxicity Working Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for children with solid or hematological malignancies. The guideline provides recommendations for the use of anthracycline chemotherapy in these patients, while specifically focusing on the timing of therapy (i.e. prolonged infusion duration versus shorter infusion duration). The primary outcomes of interest being compared between regimens are tumour response, quality of life, progression-free survival, overall survival, cardiotoxicity (i.e. clinical and subclinical heart failure, etc.) and adverse effects other than cardiac manifestations.

Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines for Survivors of Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancers

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Children's Oncology Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancers. The guideline provides recommendations for the screening and management of therapy-related complications or adverse effects that persist or arise after the completion of treatment (i.e. late effects). Different therapeutic exposures and their potential late effects are explored and organized by cancer site and type of exposure (e.g. chemotherapy, radiation).

Older Adult Oncology, Version 1.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for older patients with cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for comprehensive geriatric assessments, as well as treatment modalities such as surgery, radiation therapy (RT), chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Disease-specific issues are also addressed for breast cancer, central nervous system cancers, gastrointestinal cancers, genitourinary cancers, gynecological cancers, head and neck cancers, lung cancers, melanoma, and hematologic malignancies.

Cancer in People Living with HIV, Version 1.2019

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients living with HIV (PLWH) who are diagnosed with cancer. The guideline focuses primarily on PLWH who develop non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, or cervical cancer. General advice is also provided regarding HIV management during cancer therapy, in addition to topics such as drug-drug interactions (DDI) between antiretroviral treatments and cancer therapies, initial workup, radiation therapy, surgical management, and supportive care.

Myeloid Growth Factors, Version 2.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with solid tumours and non-myeloid malignancies who are receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy. The guideline examines the use of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) in these patients as a method for reducing the incidence of neutropenia. Topics of interest include the benefits and risks of MGFs, as well as their use in prophylactic, therapeutic, and post-transplant settings.

Management of Immune-Related Adverse Events in Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer being treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICPi) therapy. The guideline examines how to manage immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in these patients. Adverse events considered include skin, gastrointestinal, lung, endocrine, musculoskeletal, renal, nervous system, hematologic, cardiovascular, and ocular toxicities. Patient and clinician communication, health disparities, and multiple chronic conditions are also discussed.

Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Constipation in Advanced Cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with advanced cancer who are experiencing constipation due to diagnosis or treatment. The guideline discusses the assessment, diagnosis, and management of constipation in these patients. Specific recommendations are provided for managing constipation in older adults with cancer, opioid-induced constipation, and fecal impaction. Management options considered include prevention and self-care, laxatives, suppositories, and enemas.

Delirium in Adult Cancer Patients: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with cancer who are at risk for, or have been diagnosed with, delirium. The guideline provides recommendations regarding delirium prevention, diagnosis, screening, treatment and experiential impact. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions are discussed. Guidance is also provided on education and support for the healthcare team and family members.

Distress Management, Version 2.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the identification and treatment of psychosocial problems in patients with cancer. The guideline examines screening tools for distress and meeting psychosocial needs, the initial evaluation and treatment by oncology teams, psychological/psychiatric treatment by mental health professionals, social work and counseling services, and spiritual and chaplaincy care. The Distress Thermometer (DT) is discussed as a useful clinical tool for self-assessing patient distress. Both the DT and the guideline itself use the term "distress" due to its lack of associated stigmatization when compared to terms such as psychosocial, psychiatric, or emotional.

Antiemesis, Version 3.2018

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with any type of cancer who are experiencing or are at high risk for experiencing nausea and/or vomiting due to treatment. The guideline examines treatment options for nausea and/or vomiting induced by radiation therapy (RT), chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. In addition to antiemetic treatment options, the guideline discusses the emetogenic potentials of different anticancer therapies.

Managing Challenging Interactions With Family Caregivers in the Cancer Setting: Guidelines for Clinicians (TRIO Guidelines-2)

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization:
This is a clinical practice guideline examining communication strategies for clinicians who are treating adult cancer patients. The guideline specifically addresses the management of challenging interactions between clinicians and the family caregivers of adult cancer patients. Types of challenges examined include those involving family dysfunction, anger, and conflicting treatment wishes.

WHO Guidelines for the Pharmacological and Radiotherapeutic Management of Cancer Pain in Adults and Adolescents

Year: 2018
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: World Health Organization
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult and adolescent cancer patients who are experiencing cancer-related pain. The guideline examines various pharmacological and radiotherapeutic management options. Topics of interest include initiation of pain relief, maintenance of pain relief with opioids, cessation of opioids, and the use of radiotherapy.

Oncology Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline for Adults

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer. The guideline examines comprehensive oncology nutrition practice for the care of this patient population. Topics of interest include validated tools for malnutrition screening and nutrition assessment, evaluation of nutritional status as key component in patient care process, and dietary supplements.

Diagnosis and Empirical Treatment of Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO) in Adult Neutropenic Patients: Guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Working Party (AGIHO) of the German Society Of Hematology and Medical Oncology (DGHO)

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: German Society of Hematology and Medical Oncology (DGHO)
This is a clinical practice guideline for fever of unknown origin (FUO) in adult neutropenic patients. The guideline updates recommendations for diagnosis and empirical therapy of these patients in light of the challenges of antimicrobial stewardship. Specific recommendations are provided for taking down patient history and performing a physical examination, ordering chest radiograph, and taking nasal/pharyngeal (MRSA) or rectal (VRE) swabs.

Guidelines for the Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Children

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the management of febrile neutropenia in children, including those with cancer, and/or those who are undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The guideline examines the signs and symptoms of febrile neutropenia, as well as the evaluation of affected patients. Antibiotic selection and dose are recommended based on factors related to patient's condition, including stability on presentation, presence of penicillin allergy, and current treatment. Continued management of inpatients and management based on culture results are also discussed.

Prevention and Treatment of Cancer-Related Infections – Version 1.2017

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of cancer-related infections in neutropenic and immunocompromised non-neutropenic patients with cancer. This guidelines aims to provide an overview of the risk categorization and recommended strategies for prevention of infections in high-risk patient populations, as well as monitoring in patients with signs and/or symptoms of infections. Outcomes of interest include a finding that advances in treatment further emphasize the need for multidisciplinary care.

Management of Infusion Reactions to Systemic Anticancer Therapy: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients who are receiving systemic anticancer therapy. The guideline examines the management of infusion reactions (IRs), which can be either allergic reactions to foreign proteins, or non-immune-mediated reactions. Specific topics discussed include risk assessment, diagnosis, management, how to document an IR, drugs which may frequently cause IRs, and cases of rechallenge.

Prophylaxis and Treatment of Venous Thrombemolism in Patients Undergoing Treatment for Solid Tumours

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline discussing the treatment and prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients receiving treatment for solid (i.e. non-hematologic) tumours. The guideline examines the pharmacologic therapy and dosing options for both inpatients and ambulatory patients with established VTE or who are at risk for VTE (i.e. prophylaxis). The guideline also discusses common complications associated with antithrombotic therapy, as well as the follow-up of patients during its administration.

Pneumococcal Immunization in Adult and Pedtric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline on pneumococcal immunization for adult and pediatric cancer patients with solid tumours or hematologic cancers. The guideline provides recommendations on the type of vaccine and timing of immunization in relation to the type of treatment, therapy cycle, and severity of immunosuppression. Guidance is also provided on restrictions for immunization.

Desmoid Tumours

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with desmoid tumours. The guideline provides recommendations for diagnosis, staging procedures, treatment, and follow-up. Treatment options including active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are examined. Topics of interest include desmoid tumours occurring during pregnancy, pain management, and rehabilitation.

Influenza Immunization for Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline discussing influenza immunization for adult and pediatric cancer patients. The guideline provides guidance on the timing of influenza immunization in relation to severity of immunosuppression and chemotherapy schedules, number of administrations, types of influenza vaccines, and contraindications and precautions for immunization. Recommendations for the immunization of family members and hospital or clinic staff are also provided.

Palliative Care, Version 1.2018

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the palliative care of patients with cancer. The guideline examines interventions such as symptom management, reassessment, and after-death care. The guideline provides an overview of the many considerations surrounding palliative care, such as cultural, ethical, legal, physical, psychological, social, spiritual, and existential issues.

Guideline for the Prevention of Acute Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Pediatric Cancer Patients: A Focused Update

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in pediatric cancer patients. The guideline provides recommendations on the use of pharmacological treatments for CINV, such as aprepitant and palonosetron. Outcomes of interest include CINV control rate and adverse events.

Antiemetics: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult and pediatric patients who receive antineoplastic agents or radiation therapy for cancer. The guideline examines important developments in antiemetic management options for patients undergoing the above treatments. Comparisons are made between antiemetic management options on the basis of potential benefits, potential harms, and quality of evidence. Outcomes of interest include new evidence regarding antiemetic efficacy and new antiemetic management options.

Diagnosis of Upper Quadrant Lymphedema Secondary to Cancer: Clinical Practice Guideline From the Oncology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Physical Therapy Association
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients who have undergone cancer treatment, and are at risk for developing secondary upper quadrant lymphedema (SUQL). The guideline provides recommendations for the diagnosis of SUQL, using methods such as clinical examination and patient-reported symptom assessments, bioimpedance analysis, circumferential measurement, water displacement, and imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT). The primary outcomes of interest are decreases in both morbidity as well as activity and participation restrictions, and an increase in overall quality of life (QOL).

Clinical Practice Guideline on the Prevention and Management of Constipation in Children With Cancer

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and management of constipation in pediatric cancer patients. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options (including dosing recommendations) are discussed. The management of refractory opioid-induced constipation is also examined.

EANO–ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diagnosis, Treatment and Follow-up of Patients with Leptomeningeal Metastasis from Solid Tumours

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with leptomeningeal metastases from solid tumours. The guideline discusses the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of these patients, and a treatment algorithm is presented based on life expectancy. Treatment options examined include systemic pharmacotherapy, intra-cerebrospinal fluid pharmacotherapy, focal radiotherapy (RT), and whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT).

Smoking Cessation, Version 2.2017

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Tailored to the unique needs and concerns of patients with all types of cancer, this clinical practice guideline provides standard-of-care recommendations, techniques, and strategies on smoking cessation. The guideline outlines different interventions, including pharmacotherapy options (e.g. nicotine replacement therapy, varenicline, bupropion, nortriptyline, clonidine), motivational strategies and behaviour techniques, and alternative treatment approaches such as electronic cigarettes and other electronic nicotine delivery systems.

Prevention and Treatment of Cancer-Related Infections, Version 1.2018

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of cancer-related infections. The guideline examines external risk factors for infection, major host factors that predispose patients to infectious diseases, prevention of infectious complications (including the use of antimicrobial prophylaxis and preemptive therapy), management of neutropenic fever, and management of site-specific infections such as pneumonia, abdominal infections, and catheter-associated infections.

Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Adaptation of Cancer Care Ontario Guideline

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This clinical practice guideline is an adaptation of Cancer Care Ontario’s 2016 guideline titled Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer. The guideline examines the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions, psychosocial counseling, or devices to manage sexual problems experienced after cancer treatment. Recommendations are based on patient gender, and condition. Specific topics discussed are sexual response, body image (women), intimacy/relationships, overall sexual functioning and satisfaction, vasomotor symptoms, genital symptoms (women) and genital changes (men).

Guidance for Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for Cancer Patients in Ontario: Recommendations Report 2017

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This guideline provides recommendations on use of vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty as treatment options for cancer patients with vertebral compression fractures. The guideline outlines clinical criteria for when vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, or focal tumour ablation (FTA) assisted vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty should be performed, and provides recommendations on selecting the most appropriate procedure. The role of radiation treatment, absolute contraindications, and service provider requirements are also discussed.

Models of Care for Cancer Survivorship

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults who have completed treatment and have been cured of cancer. The guideline examines different models of follow-up care, organized both by clinical setting, and by which health professionals are responsible for the coordination of care. The appropriateness of different models of care for different types of cancer is discussed, with focuses on clinical outcomes (e.g. surveillance, recurrence) and quality of life outcomes (e.g. quality of life, patient satisfaction).

Oral Health Management of Patients at Risk of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children who are taking anti-resorptive or anti-angiogenic medications. The guideline, aimed at dental care practitioners, provides recommendations for reducing the risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in these patients. Risk factors for MRONJ are discussed, and recommendations are provided for assessing and classifying patients' risk.

Guideline: Influenza Vaccine for Ambulatory Oncology Patients

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Eastern Health
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with solid tumour malignancies. The guideline provides recommendations for administering influenza vaccines to these patients. The timing of vaccination, and for whom vaccination is appropriate, are both discussed.

Cancer-Related Fatigue

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with cancer-related fatigue. The guideline examines the appropriate screening, assessment, and management of these patients. Interventions discussed include pharmacological management, physical activity, functional and occupational therapy interventions, psychosocial and educational interventions, complementary therapies, nutrition, and management of anemia. Recommendations are provided based on the severity of fatigue.

Cancer- and Chemotherapy-Induced Anemia, Version 2.2018

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children with cancer-induced anemia (CIA). The guideline discusses the etiology of CIA, and examines the screening, evaluation, and treatment methods for reducing CIA in affected patients. Red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietic therapy, and iron monitoring and supplementation are discussed as treatment options.

Patient-Clinician Communication: American Society of Clinical Oncology Consensus Guideline

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for oncology clinicians on how to use effective communication to optimize the patient-clinician relationship, patient and clinician well-being, and family well-being. The guideline examines the core communication skills and tasks that apply across the continuum of cancer care. Topics include the discussion of goals of care and prognosis, treatment selection, end-of-life care, facilitating family involvement in care, and clinician training in communication skills.

Palliative Care for the Patient With Incurable Cancer or Advanced Disease Part 2: Pain and Symptom Management

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Guidelines and Protocols Advisory Committee
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with incurable cancer or other end-stage diseases. The guideline examines strategies for the assessment and management of pain and other symptoms associated with advanced disease in this patient population. In addition to pain, the guideline discusses constipation, delirium, depression, dyspnea, fatigue and weakness, as well as nausea and vomiting.

Recommendations for Gonadotoxicity Surveillance in Male Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Survivors: A Report From the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group in Collaboration With the PanCareSurFup Consortium

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for male survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) cancers. The guideline specifically discusses treatments associated with increased risk of impaired spermatogenesis, testosterone deficiency, and physical sexual dysfunction. Surveillance strategies for these outcomes are examined, including which patients require surveillance, which surveillance modality should be used, frequency of surveillance, and what should be done when abnormalities are identified.

European Society of Endocrine Surgeons (ESES) and European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumours (ENSAT) Recommendations for the Surgical Management of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society of Endocrine Surgeons
This is a clinical practice guideline on the perioperative care of patients undergoing surgery for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Topics covered in the guideline include the optimal preoperative investigations, surgical approach, quality criteria of the operative note and pathological report, follow-up after surgery, surgical management of metastatic and/or recurrent ACC, and debulking or palliative surgery. The guideline also emphasizes the need for inclusion in collaborative and/or prospective databases to advance research and evidence on the topic.

Occult Primary (Cancer Of Unknown Primary [CUP]), Version 1.2018

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with epithelial occult primary cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for the evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of two pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma, or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Management options considered include, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, locoregional therapeutic options, and specialized approaches, as well as supportive care and management of psychosocial distress.

Platelet Transfusion for Patients With Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults and children with hematologic malignancies, solid tumours, or hypoproliferative thrombocytopenia. The guideline examines when and how clinicians should use platelet transfusion to prevent or manage bleeding in these patients. Recommendations are made on topics such as the preparation of platelet products, the prevention of Rhesus (Rh) alloimmunization, and platelet transfusion thresholds for patients with different conditions.

Guideline for the Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Children With Cancer and Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Transplantation Recipients: 2017 Update

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: International Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia Guideline Panel
This is a clinical practice guideline for the empirical management of fever and neutropenia (FN) in children with cancer, and those who have received hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). The guideline examines initial presentation, ongoing management, and empirical antifungal therapy. Topics of interest include risk stratification to define patients with high-risk invasive fungal disease (IFD), recommended biomarkers and radiologic investigations for the evaluation of IFD in prolonged FN, and empirical antifungal therapy in IFD low-risk patients with prolonged FN.

Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Mucositis in Children Receiving Cancer Therapy

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for children with cancer who are receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. Recommendations are provided for the prevention of mucositis through oral care management, and various treatment options are considered for the management of mucositis in affected patients. The guideline also lists the risk factors for mucositis, and provides an oral assessment tool.

Guidelines on the Prevention and Management of Chemotherapy Associated Diarrhea

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for pediatric cancer patients who are receiving chemotherapy. Guidance is provided for the diagnosis and treatment of chemotherapy-induced diarrhea in these patients. Risk factors, grading of diarrhea, dietary modifications during diarrhea, and anti-diarrheal agents are also discussed.

Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Oncology, Version 2.2018

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adolescents and young adults with cancer. The guideline discusses risk factors, screening, diagnosis, management, follow-up, supportive care, and palliative care for patients between 15 and 39 years of age. Unique issues discussed include adherence to treatment, the impact of cancer and its treatment on fertility, management of cancer during pregnancy, relationship management, and socioeconomic issues.

Recommendations for the Safe Use and Handling of Oral Anti-Cancer Drugs (OACDs) in Community Pharmacy: A Pan-Canadian Consensus Guideline

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Canadian Association of Provincial Cancer Agencies
This consensus guideline provides recommendations on safe handling of oral anti-cancer drugs (OACDs) in community pharmacies across the medication lifecycle, from manufacturer packaging to waste management and incident reporting. Specifically, the guideline addresses packaging, labeling, receiving and unpacking, storage, drug preparation and handling, verification and dispensing, transportation, personal protective equipment (PPE), disposal, waste management and cleaning, and incident reporting. Recommendations for training and education are also discussed, along with staffing considerations.

Palliative Care for the Patient With Incurable Cancer or Advanced Disease Part 1: Approach to Care

Year: 2017
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Guidelines and Protocols Advisory Committee
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with incurable cancer or other end-stage diseases. The guideline examines palliative care assessment and management strategies for these patients. Topics discussed include the establishment of goals of care with patients and families, coordination of care with allied health care providers, monitoring of the patient's functional capacity, evaluation of symptom burden, non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic management strategies, referral to specialists (including referral to tertiary palliative care units or local hospice palliative care programs), medical assistance in dying, the end-of-life care checklist, as well as approaches to death and bereavement.

International Clinical Practice Guidelines Including Guidance for Direct Oral Anticoagulants in the Treatment and Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Cancer

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer
This is a clinical practice guideline for the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer. The guideline examines the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for the treatment of VTE. Topics of interest include initial treatment of VTE, maintenance, long-term treatment, and recurrence.

Understanding Effective Delivery of Patient and Family Education in Pediatric Oncology: A Systematic Review From the Children’s Oncology Group

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Children's Oncology Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for children with cancer. The guideline examines the effective delivery of education to these patients and their families. Educational methods, time after initial diagnosis, location, and educational content are considered. The influence of demographic and/or clinical attributes of these patients and their families on the successful transfer of initial educational information is discussed, as are interventions that have been developed to improve the comprehensiveness of information related to diagnosis, treatment, and care of these patients.

Tobacco Screening and Treatment for Adult Cancer Patients

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults (aged 18 and older) at any phase of the cancer care continuum regardless of cancer type, stage (including metastatic) or treatment plan, with some components of the guideline also applicable to the patient's family and/or caregivers. Recommendations are provided on implementation of the brief tobacco intervention using the evidence-based AAR Brief Tobacco Intervention Model which includes screening, education and assessment, treatment plan, and referral, monitoring, and follow-up. The 2015 guideline was revised in June 2016 to abbreviate the cessation intervention model to best support adoption across all CCA clinics and settings. Clinical considerations and contraindications of treatment options for cancer patients are discussed including nicotine replace therapy (NRT), bupropion, varenicline, and e-cigarettes, and the impact of tobacco use on cancer treatment is reviewed with a specific focus on erlotinib and irinotecan.

Older Adult Oncology – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline discusses specific issues related to the management of cancer in adults aged 65 years or older. Topics include screening and comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), assessing risks and benefits of treatment, preventing or decreasing complications from therapy, and managing disease-specific issues. Recommendations are also provided for management of patients deemed to be at high risk for toxicity from standard treatment.

Myeloid Growth Factors – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the use of myeloid growth factors in adult patients with solid tumours and non-myeloid malignancies. Benefits and risks are reviewed, the role of biosimilars is discussed, and recommendations are provided for prophylactic and therapeutic uses of both granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors (CSFs). Recommendations are also given regarding the use of CSFs in the hematopoietic cell transplant setting. Outcomes of interest include efficacy of CSFs, mortality, length of hospitalization, toxicity, and adverse effects.

Management of Chronic Pain in Survivors of Adult Cancers: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for the management of chronic pain in survivors of adult cancers. Whereas other guidelines have largely focused on relieving acute pain or pain associated with advanced disease, this guideline focuses on the care required when pain persists months or years after the completed cancer treatment. Areas addressed in the guideline include: screening and comprehensive assessment; treatment and care options; nonpharmacologic interventions; pharmacologic interventions; as well as risk assessment, mitigation, and universal precautions with opioid use.

2016 MASCC and ESMO Guideline Update for the Prevention of Chemotherapy- and Radiotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting and of Nausea and Vomiting in Advanced Cancer Patients

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Multinational Association Supportive Care in Cancer
A clinical practice guideline for the prevention of chemotherapy and radiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in advanced cancer patients. The guideline examines the emetogenic potential of antineoplastic agents and recommended pharmacological treatments. Outcomes of interest include antiemetic prophylaxis, efficacy, and optimal dosing.

Cancer-Related Fatigue – Version 1.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients (children/adolescents and adults) who are experiencing cancer-related fatigue. The guideline discusses evaluation and intervention for patients on active treatment, post-treatment, and at end of life. Education and counselling, nonpharmacologic interventions, and pharmacologic interventions are all discussed along with general strategies for management of fatigue.

Adult Cancer Pain – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on assessment and management of cancer pain in adult patients, including pain in adult cancer survivors. Pathophysiologic classification of cancer pain syndromes is reviewed, and recommendations are provided for pain assessment, management/intervention, and reassessment. Both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions are discussed.

Influenza Immunization For Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on influenza vaccinations for children and adults with solid tumours or hematologic malignancies. Recommendations are provided for vaccine type (live versus inactivated) and administration in relation to the therapy cycle, and are stratified by patient age (adult versus pediatric). Topics of discussion include the effects of age, duration, and type of systemic therapy in regards to response of patients to the influenza vaccine, as well as contraindications and precautions for immunization.

Distress Management – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline on the identification and treatment of psychosocial problems in patients with cancer. The guideline discuss screening tools for distress, initial evaluation and treatment by the oncology team, psychological/psychiatric treatment by mental health professionals, social work and counselling services, and spiritual and chaplaincy care. Psychological/psychiatric treatment guidelines are reviewed. Special topics of interest include oncologist burnout.

SEOM Clinical Guideline of Management of Soft-Tissue Sarcoma (2016)

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Spanish Society of Medical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). The guideline examines the therapeutic decision-making processes used for the management of STS in order to improve patient care. Recommendations are provided for staging, diagnosis, and treatment.

Community Acquired Respiratory Virus Infections in Cancer Patients – Guideline on Diagnosis and Management by the Infectious Diseases Working Party of the German Society for Hematology and Medical Oncology

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: German Society of Hematology and Oncology (DGHO)
This is a clinical practice guideline for cancer patients with community-acquired respiratory virus (CRV) infections. The guideline examines the diagnosis of CRV infections using virology and radiology techniques, as well as the management of CRV infection with infection control and supportive measures. Causal treatment is also discussed for influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza (PIV), adenovirus, human metapneumovirus (hMPV), rhinovirus, coronavirus, and others.

Guidance for the Prevention and Treatment of Cancer-Associated Venous Thromboembolism

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Anticoagulation Forum
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and treatment of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). The guideline provides recommendations for the appropriate workup to search for occult malignancy in patients with idiopathic VTE, the identification of high-risk cancer patients for primary thromboprophylaxis, the appropriate immediate and long-term treatment for people with cancer diagnosed with acute thromboembolism, the appropriate duration of anticoagulation and the appropriate treatment strategy in patients with recurrent VTE on anticoagulation.

Palliative Radiotherapy: Superior Vena Cava Obstruction, Dyspnea, and Hemoptysis

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
The guideline provides recommendations for management and treatment of patients 18 years of age and older who have malignant superior vena cava obstruction (SVCO) or airway obstruction, compression, or invasion, or those experiencing hemoptysis. The course of management is dependent on symptoms, primary histology, urgency of histology, previous treatment, and access to resources. External beam radiotherapy (EBRT), endobronchial brachytherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, bronchoscopic debulking, surgical resection, photodynamic therapy, and Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) are discussed as treatment options. For superior vena cava obstruction, external beam radiation EBRT, RT dose fractionation, SVC stent insertion, steroids, and palliative intent chemotherapy are discussed.

Clinical Practice Guidelines for Teleoncology

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Clinical Oncological Society of Australia
This is a clinical practice guideline for teleoncology models of care. Teleoncology seeks to offer solutions to some of the access issues faced by patients and health professionals from regional, rural and remote communities around the world. The focus of the guideline is shaped by a number of clinical questions that include: what teleoncology models of care are available to health services in Australia and overseas; what models of care for teleoncology are available to nursing services; what models of care for teleoncology are available to allied health services; is teleoncology as effective as standard oncology care for the screening of cancer; is teleoncology as effective as standard oncology care for the diagnosis of cancer; is teleoncology as effective as standard oncology care for the treatment of cancer; and is teleoncology as effective as standard oncology care for the palliative care of cancer patients.

Guidelines for the Prophylaxis of Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia (PJP) in Children With Solid Tumours

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
This is a clinical practice guideline on the indications and methods for prophylaxis against Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in pediatric oncology patients undergoing treatment for solid malignancies. Recommendations are provided for the following patient populations: those receiving corticosteroids, temozolamide, or radiotherapy in combination with corticosteroids and/or chemotherapy, or rituximab in combination with other cancer treatments (e.g. chemotherapy, radiotherapy, corticosteroids), as well as those with underlying lung pathology or previous PCP.

Antiemesis – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for antiemesis. The guideline examines emesis, types of nausea/vomiting (e.g., chemotherapy induced), antiemetic therapies, and treatment issues associated with antiemetic therapies.

Survivorship – Version 2.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
These clinical practice guidelines for survivorship provide screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations for common consequences of cancer and cancer treatment to aid health care professionals who work with survivors of adult-onset cancer in the post-treatment period, including those in specialty cancer survivor clinics and primary care practices. The guidelines focus on the vast and persistent impact both the diagnosis and treatment of cancer can have on the adult survivor’s health, physical and mental states, health behaviors, professional and personal identity, sexuality, and financial standing.

Management Of Fluorouracil (5-Flourouracil, 5Fu) Infusion Overdose Guideline

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
A guideline for the management of fluorouracil for treating solid tumours. The guideline examines the safe management of fluorouracil in medication pumps, and recommendations for treating and monitoring patients who have overdosed. Important aspects include specific dosing regimens, fluid administration calculations, and outpatient management.

Clinical Practice Guideline on Perioperative Care in Major Abdominal Surgery

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services, and Equality
This clinical practice guideline is for patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, including patients with cancer. The guideline provides recommendations for preoperative care before procedures such as colorectal surgery, gastrectomy, gastric bypass, hysterectomy, prostatectomy, and cystectomy, as well as other oncological, gynecological, and urological surgeries. Outcomes of interest include the prevention of surgical complications and reductions in hospital stays.

Guideline for the Treatment of Breakthrough and the Prevention of Refractory Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Children With Cancer

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for children aged 1 month to 18 years who are receiving chemotherapy. The guideline examines the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), including the treatment of breakthrough CINV and the prevention of refractory CINV. The primary outcome of interest is a decrease in the incidence of CINV.

Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult men and women that have sexual function side effects as a result of cancer diagnoses and/or treatment. The guideline examines strategies/interventions to manage sexual function side effects with the aim of decreasing distress, and improving quality of life for cancer survivors and their partners. Both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions are discussed.

Palliative Radiation Therapy for Bone Metastases: Update of an Astro Evidence-Based Guideline

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society for Radiation Oncology
A clinical practice guideline for the use of palliative radiation therapy (RT) in adults with bone metastases. The guideline discusses the appropriateness of different fractionation schemes depending on clinical context, and examines the risks of experiencing long-term side-effects associated with single fractionation. The efficacy of advanced RT techniques for initial treatment and retreatment is also discussed, and the guideline examines the potential impacts that surgery, radionuclides, bisphosphonates, and kyphoplasty/vertebroplasty have on the appropriateness of palliative RT. Outcomes of interest include reductions in pain, spinal cord compression, hypercalcemia, and pathologic fracture.

Fertility Drugs and Cancer: A Guideline

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: American Society for Reproductive Medicine
This clinical practice guideline examines the impact of fertility drugs on the risk of cancer in women. The guideline looks at the association between use of fertility drugs and increased risk of developing invasive ovarian, breast, endometrial, colon and thyroid cancers as well as non-Hodgkin lymphoma and malignant melanoma. The association between fertility drugs and borderline ovarian tumours is also examined.

Prevention and Monitoring of Cardiac Dysfunction in Survivors of Adult Cancers: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults with cancer who may be considering cardiotoxic anticancer therapies. The guideline examines surveillance and monitoring approaches for cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult-onset cancers, both during and after treatment. Determining which patients are at risk for developing cardiac dysfunction, and identifying strategies to minimize risk before and during the administration of potentially cardiotoxic therapy, are also discussed.

Integration of Palliative Care Into Standard Oncology Care: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers. The guideline examines the integration of palliative care into standard oncology care, including the most practical models of palliative care, when and to who this care should be provided, and which palliative care interventions are helpful to caregivers. Outcomes of interest include quality of life, symptom relief, psychological outcomes, survival, and satisfaction.

Late Effects Surveillance Recommendations Among Survivors Of Childhood Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Children’s Oncology Group Report

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Children's Oncology Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer who have received hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Topics discussed include growth hormone deficiency, thyroid disease, gonadal function, obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, bone health, ocular toxicity, and ototoxicity. Neurocognitive, pulmonary, cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, dental, dermatological, and immunologic impacts are also addressed.

ESPEN Guidelines on Nutrition in Cancer Patients

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism
This is a clinical practice guideline for the identification, prevention, and treatment of reversible elements of malnutrition in adult cancer patients. The specific objectives of this guideline are to improve early detection and treatment of malnutrition and metabolic derangements in cancer patients and cancer survivors; to provide guidance to health care workers and patients on the most appropriate and effective management of nutritional and metabolic problems in cancer patients; and, by this, to lower the incidence and impact of malnutrition and metabolic derangements in cancer patients and survivors. Topics considered include: effects of nutritional intervention during cytostatic and targeted therapies on treatment tolerance, response to treatment and overall survival, as well as effect of artificial nutrition on treatment tolerance, treatment completion, relapse rate and overall survival.

Pneumococcal Immunization for Adult and Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
A clinical practice guideline for adult and pediatric patients with cancer, including hematological cancers and solid tumours. The guideline examines pneumococcal immunization in order to prevent secondary infections. Outcomes of interest include reduced pneumonial mortality and improved immunization scheduling.

Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Oncology – Version 1.2017

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline is for adolescents and young adults (AYAs), defined as individuals aged 15 to 39 years, who have been diagnosed with cancer. The guideline discusses issues specific to AYAs and recommends interventions unique to these patients. Topics include an overview of risk factors, screening, diagnosis, and special considerations for management of AYA patients such as adherence to treatment and fertility preservation, contraception for women during and after cancer treatment, and management of cancer during pregnancy. Psychosocial and behavioural issues, survivorship issues, and palliative and end-of-life care are also discussed.

Smoking Cessation – Version 1.2016

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for smoking cessation in patients with cancer. The guideline emphasizes the importance of smoking cessation in all patients with cancer and seeks to establish evidence-based, standard of care recommendations tailored to the unique needs and concerns of patients with cancer. Treatment plans are provided that include recommendations that evaluate the merits of pharmacotherapy, behaviour therapy, and follow-up. The guideline developers acknowledge that smoking and nicotine addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder and as a result, the guideline also provides recommendations around retreatment and the management of relapse.

Cancer- and Chemotherapy-Induced Anemia – Version 1.2017

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer-induced anemia, with an emphasis on patients with anemia who are receiving concomitant chemotherapy. The guideline reviews etiology and provides recommendations on screening, follow-up risk assessment, and management. Red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietic therapy (ESA), and iron monitoring and supplementation are reviewed as treatment options.

Occult Primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary [CUP]) – Version 2.2017

Year: 2016
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations for evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of 2 pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Diagnostic tests are recommended based on disease location and patient gender. Treatment options for disseminated or localized disease for adenocarcinoma and site-specific SCC are also discussed.

Guidelines for Postoperative Care in Gynecologic/Oncology Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations — Part II

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for postoperative care in gynecologic/oncology surgery. The guideline reviewed existing evidence to make recommendations for elements of postoperative care. Postoperative care elements considered in the guideline include: preoperative medical optimization, bowel preparation, carbohydrate loading, thromboembolism prophylaxis, skin preparation, standard anesthetic protocol and intraoperative fluid management. This guideline is part 2 of 2 in the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations guidelines.

Antiemetics: American Society of Clinical Oncology Focused Guideline Update

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This clinical practice guideline provides an update to a key recommendation for the use of antiemetics for patients receiving cancer therapy. More specifically, the update focuses on recommendations regarding the use of netupitant and palonosetron (NEPA), a drug used for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of chemotherapy. Areas addressed in the guideline include: dosing information for NEPA and other antiemetics summarized in a table, as well as cost consideration for the use of NEPA.

Recommendations for the Use of WBC Growth Factors: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on the use of colony-stimulating factors (CSFs) in adults or children with a solid tumour or lymphoma who are being treated with chemotherapy. The guideline reviews indications for use of CSFs as primary or secondary prophylaxis, as well as initiation, duration, dosing, and administration. Other topics covered include the use of CSFs to increase chemotherapy dose density, and the role of CSFs as: adjuncts to progenitor-cell transplantation; in the setting of acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes; and in the treatment of radiation injury. Outcomes of interest include neutropenia- and infection-related outcomes, survival (progression-free and overall survival), and outcomes related to stem-cell mobilization or transplantation.

Distress Management, Version 3.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline on the identification and treatment of psychosocial problems in patients with cancer. The guideline discusses screening tools for distress, initial evaluation and treatment by the oncology team, psychological/psychiatric treatment by mental health professionals, social work and counselling services, and spiritual and chaplaincy care. Psychological/psychiatric treatment guidelines are reviewed. Special topics of interest include oncologist burnout.

Cancer-Related Fatigue, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients (children/adolescents and adults) who are experiencing cancer-related fatigue. The guideline discusses evaluation and intervention for patients on active treatment, post-treatment, and at end of life. Education and counselling, nonpharmacologic interventions, and pharmacologic interventions are all discussed along with general strategies for management of fatigue.

Occult Primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary [CUP]), Version 1.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations for evaluation, workup, management, and follow-up of 2 pathologic diagnoses in patients with epithelial occult primary cancer: adenocarcinoma or carcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Diagnostic tests are recommended based on disease location and patient gender. Treatment options for disseminated or localized disease for adenocarcinoma and site-specific SCC are also discussed.

Guideline for the Ordering, Preparation and Administration of Chemotherapy

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Eastern Health
An organizational guideline for the processing and administration of chemotherapy to cancer patients. This guideline is an update to the 2013 guideline of the same title. The guideline examines the different stages and stakeholders in the chemotherapy treatment process, and the roles and responsibilities therein. Important aspects include accountability checks and staff safety procedures.

Guidelines for the Management of Febrile Neutropenia in Children

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Atlantic Provinces Pediatric Hematology Oncology Network
This is a guideline for management of fever and neutropenia in children with cancer and/or undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The guideline reviews patient evaluation and provides recommendations on initial management, with considerations made to patient condition and whether or not they are already receiving empiric antibiotics. Recommendations are also provided for continued management of inpatients, management based on culture results, and management of fever in hematology/oncology patients who have completed therapy or are on therapy but are not neutropenic.

Smoking Cessation in Oncology Care

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Manitoba
A clinical practice guideline for patients with any type of cancer. The guideline examines the benefits of smoking cessation, and education for quitting once a patient has been diagnosed with cancer. Outcomes of interest include quality of life and treatment-related toxicity.

Older Adult Oncology, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline discusses specific issues related to the management of cancer in adults aged 65 years or older. Topics include screening and comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), assessing risks and benefits of treatment, preventing or decreasing complications from therapy, and managing disease-specific issues. Recommendations are also provided for management of patients deemed to be at high risk for toxicity from standard treatment.

Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Oncology, Version 1.2016

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline is for adolescents and young adults (AYAs), defined as individuals aged 15 to 39 years, who have been diagnosed with cancer. The guideline discusses issues specific to AYAs and recommends interventions unique to these patients. Topics include an overview of risk factors, screening, diagnosis, and special considerations for management of AYA patients such as adherence to treatment and fertility preservation, contraception for women during and after cancer treatment, and management of cancer during pregnancy. Psychosocial and behavioural issues, survivorship issues, and palliative and end-of-life care are also discussed.

Cancer- and Chemotherapy-Induced Anemia, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer-induced anemia, with an emphasis on patients with anemia who are receiving concomitant chemotherapy. The guideline reviews etiology and provides recommendations on screening, follow-up risk assessment, and management. Red blood cell transfusion, erythropoietic therapy (ESA), and iron monitoring and supplementation are reviewed as treatment options.

Guideline on Aspects of Cancer-Related Venous Thrombosis

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: British Committee for Standards in Haematology
This is a clinical practice guideline for the prevention and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with cancer. The guideline also provides guidance on an approach to screening for cancer in patients with unprovoked VTE in whom cancer was not initially suspected based on clinical grounds. The guideline probes the association between cancer and thrombosis, with areas of interest including the prevention of catheter-related thrombosis, treatment of symptomatic cancer-associated VTE, and screening for cancer in patients with apparently unprovoked VTE.

Guideline for the Prevention of Oral and Oropharyngeal Mucositis in Children Receiving Treatment for Cancer or Undergoing Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario
This is a clinical practice guideline for children receiving chemotherapy or undergoing hematopoietic stem call transplantation (HSCT) for cancer. The guideline examines the effectiveness of prophylactic interventions for preventing or reducing the severity of oral and oropharyngeal mucositis in these patients. Interventions considered include cryotherapy, low-level light therapy and the use of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF).

Person-Centred Care Guideline

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This guideline addresses person-centred care for adults 18 years and older in Ontario using oncology services. The guideline discusses the importance of treating patients as individuals and provides recommendations on putting patients first and ensuring that essential requirements of care such as respect for the patient, patient concerns, nutrition, pain management and personal needs, patient independence, and consent and capacity, are met. Additionally, the guideline provides recommendations on tailoring healthcare service for each patient and enabling patients to actively participate in their care.

Antiviral Prophylaxis in Patients with Solid tumours and Haematological Malignancies–Update of the Guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Working Party (AGIHO) of the German Society for Hematology and Medical Oncology (DGHO)

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: German Society of Hematology and Oncology (DGHO)
A clinical practice guideline for patients with solid and hematological malignancies undergoing antineoplastic treatment. The guideline examines risk-adapted approaches to viral infections, including reactivated viruses and seasonal viruses. Outcomes of interest include secondary complications, including bacterial pneumonia, and increased risk of contracting infections.

Guidelines for Pre- and Intra-Operative Care in Gynecologic/Oncology Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations — Part I

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Group
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients undergoing gynecologic/oncology surgery. The guideline examines supporting pre- and intra-operative management of surgery, including counselling, pre-operative bowel preparations, and the importance of minimally invasive surgery. Outcomes of interest include improving surgical outcomes with readmission optimization and reducing length of hospital stay. This guideline is part 1 of 2 in the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations guidelines.

Influenza Immunization For Adult And Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cancer Treatment

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult and pediatric patients with solid tumours or hematologic cancers. The guideline provides recommendations on influenza immunization including immunization interval and dosage, type of vaccine (activated versus inactive), and timing of administration in relation to the cancer treatment cycle. Special topics of interest include immunization of patients undergoing blood and marrow transplant (BMT, autologous and allogeneic), as well as immunization of family members and hospital or clinic staff who are in contact with cancer patients.

A Pan Canadian Practice Guideline for Screening, Assessment, and Management of Cancer-Related Fatigue in Adults: Version 2-2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology
This is a clinical practice guideline for the screening, assessment and management of cancer-related fatigue in adults. The guideline examines the efficacy of interventions (pharmacological, non-pharmacological, and/or combinations) for reducing cancer-related fatigue in adults and comparisons are made to usual care and attention control. Outcomes of interest include clinically significant improvement in fatigue or clinically significant reduction in cancer-related fatigue (measured by severity) or differences in fatigue severity between intervention group and controls using self-reported outcome measures.

Effective Use of Advanced Practice Nurses in the Delivery of Adult Cancer Services in Ontario

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This guideline provides recommendations on the use of advanced practice nurses (APNs) to optimize patient, provider, and health system outcomes across the cancer care continuum. Specifically, the guideline reviews patient populations and situations (types of needs, practice settings, phase of the cancer care continuum) for which APN roles have demonstrated equivalent or improved outcomes, or reduced harms in cancer care. Outcomes of interest include quality of life, physical, functional, psychosocial, and mental health, as well as morbidity, mortality, symptom management, patient and provider satisfaction, health care utilization, costs, and quality of care.

Adult Cancer Pain, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on assessment and management of cancer pain in adult patients, including pain in adult cancer survivors. Pathophysiologic classification of cancer pain syndromes is reviewed, and recommendations are provided for pain assessment, management/intervention, and reassessment. Both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions are discussed.

Exercise for People with Cancer

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on exercise for adult patients living with cancer (including those on active treatment and who have completed treatment). Benefits of specific types of exercise are considered along with safety concerns, and recommendations are provided for delivery models and exercise regimens for patients living with cancer at different points in the cancer journey, as well as pre-screening requirements for new referrals. Outcomes of interest include quality of life, safety, and muscular and aerobic fitness.

Oncogenetic Testing and Follow-up for Women With Familial Breast/Ovarian Cancer, Li-Fraumeni Syndrome and Cowden Syndrome

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre
This is a clinical practice guideline for adult women (18 years and older) either without breast cancer or with a recent diagnosis of breast cancer, who have a family history of breast, ovarian or a related cancer; the guideline also provides recommendations for men affected by male breast cancer. The guideline discusses oncogenetic testing aspects of breast cancer and ovarian, specifically hereditary breast cancer, the Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and the Cowden syndrome. Topics include criteria and indications for genetic testing, tests for which genes have clinical utility, and appropriate follow-up depending on results and family history.

Oncogenetic Testing, Diagnosis and Follow-up in Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome, Familial Atypical Multiple Mole Melanoma Syndrome and Neurofibromatosis 1 and 2

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients at risk of Birt-Hogge-Dubé Syndrome, the familial atypical multiple mole melanoma syndrome and neurofibromatosis 1&2, either based on clinical suspicion or family history. The guideline reviews indications for genetic testing, clinical utility of specific genetic tests, and follow-up depending on test results and family history. Impact of genetic counselling and test on patient behaviour and distress levels is also reviewed.

Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis and Treatment in Patients With Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Practice Guideline Update

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American Society of Clinical Oncology
This guideline is an update to "Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis and Treatment in Patients with Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update" (2013). The guideline is for cancer patients who may be at risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), and provides recommendations on prophylaxis and the treatment of VTE in the outpatient, inpatient, and perioperative settings. Interventions considered include mechanical and pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis and patient education. The role of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is also discussed. Outcomes of interest include symptomatic and asymptomatic thrombotic events found on screening, major and minor bleeding, mortality (early and overall), sudden death, and adverse events.

Consensus Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Associated With Malignancies

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Study Group on HLH Subtypes of the Histiocyte Society
This is a clinical practice guideline on the hyperinflammatory syndrome hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). As the developers state, HLH can occur in the context of malignancies and malignancy-triggered HLH should be regarded separately from HLH during chemotherapeutic treatment, which is frequently associated with an infectious trigger. Because the overlap between the features of HLH and the features of neoplasms makes it difficult to identify HLH when it occurs in malignant conditions, the guideline developers focus their recommendations on the recognition and diagnostic workup, as well as the treatment of malignancy-associated HLH.

Tobacco Screening And Treatment For Adult Cancer Patients

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: Alberta Health Services
This is a clinical practice guideline for adults (aged 18 and older) at any phase of the cancer care continuum regardless of cancer type, stage (including metastatic) or treatment plan, with some components of the guideline also applicable to the patient's family and/or caregivers. The guideline provides recommendations on implementation of the brief tobacco intervention, using the evidence-based 5 A’s model (ASK, ADVISE, ASSESS, ASSIST, ARRANGE) which includes screening, education and assessment, treatment plan, and referral, monitoring, and follow-up. Clinical considerations and contraindications of treatment options for cancer patients are discussed including nicotine replace therapy (NRT), bupropion, varenicline, and e-cigarettes. The impact of tobacco use on cancer treatment is also reviewed with a specific focus on erlotinib and irinotecan.

Smoking Cessation, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for smoking cessation in patients with cancer. These guidelines emphasize the importance of smoking cessation in all patients with cancer and seek to establish evidence-based, standard of care recommendations tailored to the unique needs and concerns of patients with cancer. These guidelines provide treatment plans that include recommendations that evaluate the merits of pharmacotherapy, behaviour therapy, and follow-up. The guideline developers acknowledge that smoking and nicotine addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder and as a result, the guideline also provides recommendations around retreatment and the management of relapse.

Myeloid Growth Factors, Version 1.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
This is a clinical practice guideline for the use of myeloid growth factors in adult patients with solid tumours and non-myeloid malignancies. Benefits and risks are reviewed, the role of biosimilars is discussed, and recommendations are provided for prophylactic and therapeutic uses of both granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors (CSFs). Recommendations are also given regarding the use of CSFs in the hematopoietic cell transplant setting. Outcomes of interest include efficacy of CSFs, mortality, length of hospitalization,, toxicity, and adverse effects.

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Metastatic Epidural Spinal Cord Compression and Recurrent Spinal Metastasis

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: American College of Radiology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with recurrent spinal metastasis resulting in metastatic epidural spinal cord compression. The guideline examines the appropriateness of various treatment options including systemic therapy, surgical intervention, radiation therapy, osteoclast inhibitors and hospice care. The appropriateness of different techniques for unique clinical situations is discussed. Outcomes of interest include neurologic status, performance status, extent of disease, spine stability and life expectancy.

Suspected Cancer: Recognition and Referral

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients of all age groups suspected of having cancers including lung and pleural, upper gastro-intestinal, lower gastrointestinal, breast, gynecological, urological, skin, head and neck, brain and central nervous system, haematological, sarcomas, and childhood cancers. Recommendations are provided on recognition and referral or investigations of cancer in primary care. Outcomes of interest include quality of life, sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests and signs/symptoms, positive and negative predictive values of diagnostic tests and signs/symptoms, and cost effectiveness.

ACG Clinical Guideline: Genetic Testing and Management of Hereditary Gastrointestinal Cancer Syndromes

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Unavailable
Developer organization: American College of Gastroenterology
This is a clinical practice guideline for patients diagnosed with or at risk of hereditary gastrointestinal cancer syndromes including lynch syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis (AFAP), MUTYH-associated polyposis (MAP), Peutz–Jeghers syndrome, juvenile polyposis syndrome, Cowden syndrome, serrated (hyperplastic) polyposis syndrome, hereditary pancreatic cancer, and hereditary gastric cancer. The guideline reviews initial assessment, genetic testing for a germline mutation when indicated, pre- and post-test genetic counselling, and management of patients who meet clinical criteria for a syndrome as well as those with identified pathogenic germline mutations. Outcomes of interest include cancer risk, quality of life, and survival benefit from surveillance.

The Management of Depression in Patients with Cancer

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Cancer Care Ontario
A clinical practice guideline for cancer patients. The guideline examines the screening, diagnosis, and management of depression in patients with major depressive disorder or who have a suspected depressive disorder. Outcomes of interest include improved health outcomes and reduced adverse events.

Pan-Canadian Practice Guideline: Screening, Assessment and Management of Psychosocial Distress, Depression and Anxiety in Adults with Cancer

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology
A clinical practice guideline for the screening, assessment and management of psychosocial distress, depression and anxiety in adults with cancer. The guideline examines appropriate clinical intervals for psychosocial screening, contributing factors, and interdisciplinary care. Outcomes of interest include improvement in cancer-related worry and reduced post traumatic stress.

Survivorship, Version 2.2015

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
These clinical practice guidelines for survivorship provide screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations for common consequences of cancer and cancer treatment to aid health-care professionals who work with survivors of adult-onset cancer in the post-treatment period, including those in specialty cancer survivor clinics and primary care practices. The guidelines focus on the vast and persistent impact both the diagnosis and treatment of cancer can have on the adult survivor’s health, physical and mental states, health behaviours, professional and personal identity, sexuality, and financial standing.

Palliative Care, Version 1.2016

Year: 2015
AGREE II score: Available
Developer organization: National Comprehensive Cancer Network
The purpose of this clinical practice guideline is to provide guidance to the primary oncology team so as to help ensure each patient within their care experiences the best quality of life possible throughout the illness trajectory. The guideline was developed to facilitate the appropriate integration of palliative care into oncology practice. The guideline outlines procedure for screening, assessment, palliative care interventions, reassessment, and after-death care. The panel initially focused on the needs of patients in their last 12 months of life. More recent versions, however, have expanded the focus to all patients and family experiencing cancer throughout the disease trajectory.