Privatization of alcohol retail system: Provincial and territorial regulation of availability of alcohol

Learn about provincial and territorial policy action related to limiting privatization of the alcohol retail system

Inside this alcohol policy pack

Privatization of alcohol retail system

Issue
Regulate commercial and public availability of alcohola,1,2,3,4

Action
Limit privatization of alcohol retail systemb,3,4

Degree of adoption in Canada
Low

Current actions in Canada
Adoption of evidence-informed policy action related to limiting privatization of the alcohol retail system across Canada is low.

Privatization of the alcohol retail system is present across all provinces and territories. Alberta operates a private retail system that is overseen by the Alberta Liquor and Gaming Commission, a government agency that establishes rules and regulations to control alcohol sales, distribution and consumption.

All other provinces and territories operate a mixed alcohol retail system, whereby government-controlled retail outlets sell and supply alcoholic beverages, along with other privately-owned outlets, such as agency stores, boutique stores, ferment-on premises outlets, brewery and winery stores, etc.

References
1- World Cancer Research Fund International (2009). Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.wcrf.org/sites/default/files/Policy_Report.pdf
2- World Health Organization (2013). Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. Retrieved from:
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/94384/1/9789241506236_eng.pdf?ua=1
3- Cancer Care Ontario (2016). Prevention System Quality Index. Retrieved from: https://www.cancercareontario.ca/en/statistical-reports/prevention-system-quality-index
4- Public Health Ontario/Cancer Care Ontario (2012). Taking Action to Prevent Chronic Disease. Retrieved from: https://www.ccohealth.ca/en/report-taking-action-to-prevent-chronic-disease
a- Community Preventive Services Task Force (2009) Systematic Review: Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Maintaining Limits on Hours of Sale
b- Community Preventive Services Task Force (2011) Systematic Review: Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Privatization of Retail Alcohol Sales