February 1, 2018
Learn about provincial and territorial policy action related to limiting privatization of the alcohol retail system
Inside this alcohol policy pack
- Background evidence: Alcohol and cancer
- Evidence-informed alcohol policy actions to reduce alcohol consumption in Canada
- Key statistics: Alcohol consumption in Canada’s largest cities
- Key statistics: Alcohol consumption in provinces and territories
- Public perceptions: Alcohol and cancer
- Economic evidence to support alcohol policy
- Indicators to measure progress on alcohol policy
Privatization of alcohol retail system
Regulate commercial and public availability of alcohola,1,2,3,4
Limit privatization of alcohol retail systemb,3,4
Degree of adoption in Canada
Current actions in Canada
Adoption of evidence-informed policy action related to limiting privatization of the alcohol retail system across Canada is low.
Privatization of the alcohol retail system is present across all provinces and territories. Alberta operates a private retail system that is overseen by the Alberta Liquor and Gaming Commission, a government agency that establishes rules and regulations to control alcohol sales, distribution and consumption.
All other provinces and territories operate a mixed alcohol retail system, whereby government-controlled retail outlets sell and supply alcoholic beverages, along with other privately-owned outlets, such as agency stores, boutique stores, ferment-on premises outlets, brewery and winery stores, etc.
1- World Cancer Research Fund International (2009). Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.wcrf.org/sites/default/files/Policy_Report.pdf
2- World Health Organization (2013). Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. Retrieved from:
3- Cancer Care Ontario (2016). Prevention System Quality Index. Retrieved from: https://www.cancercareontario.ca/en/statistical-reports/prevention-system-quality-index
4- Public Health Ontario/Cancer Care Ontario (2012). Taking Action to Prevent Chronic Disease. Retrieved from: https://www.ccohealth.ca/en/report-taking-action-to-prevent-chronic-disease
a- Community Preventive Services Task Force (2009) Systematic Review: Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Maintaining Limits on Hours of Sale
b- Community Preventive Services Task Force (2011) Systematic Review: Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Privatization of Retail Alcohol Sales