Update of the ICUD‑SIU Consultation on Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma 2016: Treatment of Localized High‑Risk Disease

This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with localized high-risk upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). The guideline examines the treatment of these patients using surgery, neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy, and adjuvant radiotherapy. Surgical techniques discussed include radical nephroureterectomy, regional lymph node dissection, renal-sparing surgery, and salvage surgery after renal-sparing approaches. The management of the distal ureter during nephroureterectomy and prevention of bladder cancer recurrence following nephroureterectomy are also discussed.