Outpatient Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Adults Treated for Malignancy: American Society of Clinical Oncology and Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guideline Update

This is a clinical practice guideline for adult patients with cancer requiring treatment for fever and neutropenia. The guideline examines which patients can be treated as outpatients, as well as appropriate interventions for these patients. Initial diagnostic approach, eligibility of patients at low risk for medical complications, and psychosocial and logistic recommendations for eligibility are discussed. Types of antimicrobial agents and locations for initial dose(s) in these patients are also considered, as are recommended courses of action if patients do not defervesce after 2 to 3 days of treatment.