Guidelines for the Investigation and Management of Transient Leukaemia of Down Syndrome

This is a clinical practice guideline for children with suspected or confirmed transient leukemia of Down syndrome (TL-DS). The guideline examines the clinical features and diagnosis of TL-DS, outcomes, risk factors for early death, and treatment of TL-DS, as well as monitoring for resolution of TL-DS and development of myeloid leukemia of Down syndrome (MI-DS). Fetal TL-DS, silent TL-DS and screening for mutations in the hematopoietic transcription factor gene GATA1 are also discussed.