The Use of Systemic Treatment in the Maintenance of Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations on use of systemic treatment in the care of advanced, stage IIIB/IV patients who have non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has not progressed (i.e., complete response, partial response or stable disease) following four to six cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy and who have maintained an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 2. The guideline discusses use of pemetrexed, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), and use of maintenance chemotherapies, namely docetaxel and gemcitabine. Overall survival and quality of life were critical outcomes for the development of recommendations within this guideline.