Primary Prophylaxis of Bacterial Infections and Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia in Patients With Hematological Malignancies and Solid Tumours

This is a clinical practice guideline for the use of antibacterial prophylaxis against bacteria and Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in neutropenic cancer patients. This guideline examines the efficacy of different types of prophylaxis and offers guidance towards the choice of drug. Outcomes of interest include a reduction of severe infections, a delay of the onset of such infections to a later phase of neutropenia, avoidance of infection-related treatment delays, reduction of hospitalization, and reduction of treatment costs.