Guidelines on Primary Urethral Carcinoma

This is a clinical practice guideline for patients with, or suspected of having, primary urethral carcinoma. The guideline reviews diagnostic assessment, staging, and treatment. Treatment options include penile-preserving and urethral-sparing surgery, urethrectomy, radiotherapy, cisplatinum-based chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, transurethral resection (TUR), Bacille-Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and cystoprostatectomy with extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. Outcomes of interest include survival, sensitivity of diagnostic tests, local cure rate, local recurrence rate, and local tumour control rate.