Evaluation of Individuals With Pulmonary Nodules: When Is It Lung Cancer? Diagnosis and Management of Lung Cancer, 3rd ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

A clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with solid and nonsolid pulmonary nodules. The guideline examines assessment through imaging, primarily chest radiography and CT scanning, as well as non-surgical biopsy, in order to determine malignancy. Treatment options are considered through the lenses of patient preferences and risk factors, and recommendations are made for surgical resection and systemic therapy. Outcomes of interest include improved diagnoses of malignancies and reductions in unnecessary surgery.